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Childhood Obesity
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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

Intestines modify their cellular structure in response to diet ... read more
September 20, 2018
Body organs such as the intestine and ovaries undergo structural changes in response to dietary nutrients that can have lasting impacts on metabolism, as well as cancer susceptibility.

Mediterranean-style diet may lower women's stroke risk ... read more
September 20, 2018
Following a Mediterranean-style diet (high in fish, fruits and nuts, vegetables and beans and lower in meat and dairy) reduced stroke risk in women over 40, but not in men. The Mediterranean-style diet reduced stroke risk among white adults who were at high risk of cardiovascular disease.

Anti-inflammatory protein promotes healthy gut bacteria to curb obesity ... read more
September 19, 2018
Scientists have discovered that the anti-inflammatory protein NLRP12 normally helps protect mice against obesity and insulin resistance when they are fed a high-fat diet. The researchers also reported that the NLRP12 gene is underactive in people who are obese, making it a potential therapeutic target for treating obesity and diabetes, both of which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease and other serious conditions.

Young children's oral bacteria may predict obesity ... read more
September 19, 2018
Weight gain during early childhood is related to the composition of oral bacteria of two-year-old children, suggesting this understudied aspect of a children's collection of microorganisms could serve as an early indicator for childhood obesity.

Strength-based exercises could help child obesity fight, study finds ... read more
September 19, 2018
Encouraging young people to do strength-based exercises -- such as squats, push ups and lunges -- could play a key role in tackling child obesity, research suggests.

Sugar content of most supermarket yogurts well above recommended threshold ... read more
September 18, 2018
The sugar content of most types of yogurt is well above the recommended threshold, reveals an analysis of the nutrient content of available UK supermarket products. And organic varieties, often viewed as healthier options, contain some of the highest average sugar content, at 13.1 g/100 g, the findings indicate.

Either too much or too little weight gain during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes in children aged 7 years ... read more
September 17, 2018
New research shows that if a woman gains either too much or too little weight during pregnancy, there are adverse effects in children at 7 years of age.

Household cleaning products may contribute to kids' overweight by altering their gut microbiota ... read more
September 17, 2018
Commonly used household cleaners could be making children overweight by altering their gut microbiota, suggests a new study.

People with asthma at higher risk of becoming obese ... read more
September 15, 2018
Obesity is known to be a risk factor for developing asthma but a new study shows that the reverse is also true: people with asthma are more likely to go on to become obese. The new research indicates that those who develop asthma as adults and those who have non-allergic asthma are at the greatest risk of obesity.

Dietary fiber reduces brain inflammation during aging ... read more
September 14, 2018
As mammals age, immune cells in the brain known as microglia become chronically inflamed. In this state, they produce chemicals known to impair cognitive and motor function. That's one explanation for why memory fades and other brain functions decline during old age. But, according to a new study, there may be a remedy to delay the inevitable: dietary fiber.

Obesity alters airway muscle function, increases asthma risk ... read more
September 13, 2018
Obesity changes how airway muscles function, increasing the risk of developing asthma, a new study suggests.

Anti-inflammatory diet linked to reduced risk of early death ... read more
September 13, 2018
A new study finds that adhering to an anti-inflammatory diet is associated with lower risks of dying from any cause, dying from cardiovascular causes, and dying from cancer.

Among body shapes, pears are healthier than apples ... read more
September 12, 2018
For women, fat usually accumulates around the hips, resulting in a pear-shaped look. In men, fat tends to build up around the abdomen, creating an apple shape. According to a new mouse study, it's healthier to be a pear than an apple.

High blood sugar during pregnancy ups risk of mother's type 2 diabetes, child's obesity ... read more
September 11, 2018
Mothers with elevated blood glucose during pregnancy -- even if not high enough to meet the traditional definition of gestational diabetes -- were significantly more likely to have developed type 2 diabetes a decade after pregnancy than their counterparts without high blood glucose.

Sarcolipin tricks muscle cells into using more energy, burning fat ... read more
September 11, 2018
Ever wonder why you burn fat and heat up when you exercise or shiver? Now, researchers have shown that sarcolipin, a small peptide only found in muscles, increases muscle energy expenditure and fat oxidization.

Immune cells destroy healthy brain connections, diminish cognitive function in obese mice ... read more
September 10, 2018
Obesity leads to cognitive impairment by activating microglial cells, which consume otherwise functional synapses in the hippocampus, according to a study of male mice. The research suggests that microglia may be a potential therapeutic target for one of the lesser known effects of this global health epidemic on the brain.

Change your diet to save both water and your health ... read more
September 10, 2018
Shifting to a healthy diet is not only good for us, but it also saves a lot of fresh water, according to a new study. Compared to existing diets, the water required to produce our food could be reduced by up to 55 percent for healthy pescetarian and vegetarian diets.

Scientists block RNA silencing protein in liver to prevent obesity and diabetes in mice ... read more
September 10, 2018
Obesity and its related ailments like type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease pose a major global health burden, but researchers report that blocking an RNA-silencing protein in the livers of mice keeps the animals from getting fat-related and diabetic conditions.

Lifestyle changes reduce the need for blood pressure medications ... read more
September 9, 2018
Men and women with high blood pressure reduced the need for antihypertensive medications by making lifestyle changes. A 16-week program, focused on the DASH diet, weight management and exercise, resulted in the most dramatic declines in blood pressure.

Pregnant women can safely control weight gain through diet and lifestyle changes ... read more
September 6, 2018
Many overweight/obese women gain too much weight during pregnancy. New trials showed these women can safely limit their weight gain with diet and exercise interventions. The reduced weight gain, however, did not result in fewer obstetrical complications. The finding suggests that the lifestyle changes need to start before pregnancy.

Communication among organs, tissues regulating body's energy revealed ... read more
September 6, 2018
Researchers have identified a system of communication networks that exists among organs and tissues that regulate metabolism. Findings from their study provide, for the first time, a detailed 'atlas' illustrating how the body creates and uses energy, and how imbalances in the networks may impact overall health.

Rapid weight gain during infancy possible risk factor for later obesity in kids with autism ... read more
September 6, 2018
A recent study found that children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) had the highest frequency of rapid weight gain during the first six months of life, which may put them at increased risk for childhood obesity.

Longer daily fasting times improve health and longevity in mice ... read more
September 6, 2018
Increasing time between meals made male mice healthier overall and live longer compared to mice who ate more frequently, according to a new study.

Obesity: We inherit the dangerous fat from Dad -- and the good fat from Mom ... read more
September 6, 2018
Brown fat cells burn off a lot of calories, whereas an excess of white fat cells make us overweight and ill. Now researchers have identified a new gene in brown fat cells; a gene that may be crucial for the future's treatment of obesity.

Fish oil supplement in pregnancy is linked to increase in lean and bone mass by age 6 years ... read more
September 4, 2018
Taking fish oil supplements in the later stages of pregnancy is associated with a higher weight (BMI) in children in the first six years of life, but not an increased risk of overweight or obesity by age 6, a new study suggests.

Eating in 10-hour window can override disease-causing genetic defects, nurture health ... read more
August 31, 2018
Scientists found that mice lacking the biological clocks thought to be necessary for a healthy metabolism could still be protected against obesity and metabolic diseases by having their daily access to food restricted to a 10-hour window.

Investigators find that bile acids reduce cocaine reward ... read more
August 31, 2018
Bile acids -- gut compounds that aid in the digestion of dietary fats -- reduce the desire for cocaine, according to a new study.

Novel concepts for the diagnosis of fatty liver and personalized treatment ... read more
August 31, 2018
Almost one in three adults suffer from non-alcoholic fatty liver. For the affected people this increases the risk of complications such as liver cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure and stroke.

Amazonian fruit prevents obesity in overfed mice ... read more
August 30, 2018
An extract of camu camu -- a fruit native to the Amazon -- prevents obesity in mice fed a diet rich in sugar and fat, say researchers. The discovery suggests that camu camu phytochemicals could play a leading role in the fight against obesity and metabolic disease.

Changes in breakfast and dinner timings can reduce body fat ... read more
August 30, 2018
Modest changes to breakfast and dinner times can reduce body fat, a new pilot study reports.

Switching to hunter-gatherer lifestyle may increase diversity in children's gut microbes ... read more
August 29, 2018
Immersing city dwellers in the traditional lifestyle and diet of a rainforest village for two weeks increases the diversity of the visiting children's -- but not the adults' -- gut microbiota. In a small pilot study, researchers show that the immersion visit did little to shift the adults' skin, oral, nasal and fecal microbiota.

Food activates brown fat ... read more
August 29, 2018
Brown fat consumes energy, which is the reason why it could be important for preventing obesity and diabetes. Working together with an international team, researchers were able to demonstrate that food also increases the thermogenesis of brown fat, and not just cold as previously assumed.

Father's diet could affect the long-term health of his offspring ... read more
August 29, 2018
New research has shown that a lack of protein in a father's diet affects sperm quality which can have a direct impact on the long-term health of their offspring.

The link between obesity, the brain, and genetics ... read more
August 28, 2018
Clinicians should consider how the way we think can make us vulnerable to obesity, and how obesity is genetically intertwined with brain structure and mental performance, according to new research.

Post-workout muscle building and repair blunted in obese adults ... read more
August 28, 2018
Obesity is associated with a host of health problems, including heart disease, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. According to a new study, obesity also diminishes a person's ability to build muscle after engaging in resistance exercise.

Low carbohydrate diets are unsafe and should be avoided, study suggests ... read more
August 28, 2018
A large study suggests that low carbohydrate diets are unsafe and should be avoided, say researchers who found that people who consumed a low carbohydrate diet were at greater risk of premature death.

More accurate measure of body fat developed ... read more
August 27, 2018
Researchers have developed a simpler and more accurate method of estimating body fat than the widely used body mass index, or BMI, with the goal of better understanding obesity.

High-sugar feeding only at active times of day reduces adverse effects in rats ... read more
August 27, 2018
Researchers showed that limiting the consumption of a high-sucrose diet to the nighttime, when rats are most active, alleviated some of its most harmful effects associated with high levels of fat in the blood and liver. This work suggested that temporal controls on sugar intake in humans could also help in the fight against components of metabolic syndrome such as diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure.

'One weird trick' to cut belly fat? Follow a heart-healthy diet! ... read more
August 23, 2018
Do you wish you could decrease your waistline? Reducing abdominal obesity can lower health risks - but despite claims you may have seen on the Internet, no trending diet can help you specifically eliminate belly fat.

Parents' behavior during playtime may affect toddler's weight later on ... read more
August 23, 2018
Researchers have found that toddlers who had poor self-regulation skills -- the ability to control their behaviors and emotions -- went on to have lower BMIs as preschoolers if their mothers engaged with them during playtime and then helped direct them during clean up.

How sleep loss may contribute to adverse weight gain ... read more
August 23, 2018
One night of sleep loss has a tissue-specific impact on the regulation of gene expression and metabolism in humans, according to researchers. This may explain how shift work and chronic sleep loss impairs our metabolism and adversely affects our body composition.

Natural sugar defends against metabolic syndrome, in mice ... read more
August 23, 2018
New research, in mice, indicates that a natural sugar called trehalose blocks glucose from the liver and activates a gene that boosts insulin sensitivity, reducing the chance of developing diabetes. The findings suggest new possibilities for treating metabolic syndrome, a cluster of related conditions that includes obesity, diabetes and fatty liver disease.

Found: A destructive mechanism that blocks the brain from knowing when to stop eating ... read more
August 22, 2018
Researchers have uncovered a destructive mechanism at the molecular level that causes a well-known phenomenon associated with obesity: leptin resistance. They found that mice fed a high-fat diet produce an enzyme named MMP-2 that clips receptors for the hormone leptin from the surface of neuronal cells in the hypothalamus. This blocks leptin from binding to its receptors. This in turn keeps the neurons from signaling that your stomach is full and you should stop eating.

Healthy diet linked to healthy cellular aging in women ... read more
August 20, 2018
Eating a diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains and low in added sugar, sodium and processed meats could help promote healthy cellular aging in women.

Consuming milk at breakfast lowers blood glucose throughout the day ... read more
August 20, 2018
A change in breakfast routine may provide benefits for the management of type 2 diabetes, according to a new study. A team of scientists found that milk consumed with breakfast cereal reduced postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with water, and high dairy protein concentration reduced postprandial blood glucose concentration compared with normal dairy protein concentration. The high-protein treatment also reduced appetite after the second meal compared with the low-protein equivalent.

Strawberries could help reduce harmful inflammation in the colon ... read more
August 20, 2018
Inflammatory bowel disease is a set of painful conditions that can cause severe diarrhea and fatigue. Researchers are now reporting that a simple dietary intervention could mitigate colonic inflammation and improve gut health. In this case, a strawberry -- or rather, less than a cupful of strawberries -- a day could help keep the doctor away.

Moderate carbohydrate intake may be best for health, study suggests ... read more
August 17, 2018
A new study has found that diets both low and high in carbohydrates were linked with an increase in mortality, while moderate consumers of carbohydrates had the lowest risk of mortality. The study also found that low-carb diets that replace carbohydrates with proteins and fats from plant sources were associated with lower risk of mortality compared to those that replace carbohydrates with proteins and fat from animal sources.

More protein after weight loss may reduce fatty liver disease ... read more
August 16, 2018
Increasing the amount of protein in the diet may reduce the liver's fat content and lower the risk of diabetes in people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Obesity, infertility and oxidative stress in mouse egg cells ... read more
August 16, 2018
Proteomic analysis of oocytes from obese mice showed changes in a protein that promotes antioxidant production and may alter meiotic spindles.

Evening preference, lack of sleep associated with higher BMI in people with prediabetes ... read more
August 15, 2018
People with prediabetes who go to bed later, eat meals later and are more active and alert later in the day -- those who have an 'evening preference' -- have higher body mass indices compared with people with prediabetes who do things earlier in the day, or exhibit morning preference.

Lipid droplets play crucial roles beyond fat storage ... read more
August 14, 2018
Lipid droplets were long thought of merely as formless blobs of fat. But a new study describes how lipid droplets regulate certain proteins involved in gene expression. The research has implications for understanding what helps embryos survive and how we look at lipid-related diseases like obesity.

Healthy fat cells uncouple obesity from diabetes ... read more
August 14, 2018
Researchers have identified possible ways to uncouple obesity from co-morbidities such as heart disease and insulin resistance.

Thirty percent increase in risk of fracture after gastric bypass ... read more
August 13, 2018
A study shows that the risk of fractures increases by about 30 percent after a gastric bypass operation. It was also discovered that falls increase after these operations.

Grip strength of children gives clues about their future health ... read more
August 13, 2018
Adolescents with a strong hand grip -- an indicator of overall muscle strength -- have better odds of being healthy over time, according to a two-year study of 368 elementary school children. The findings give insights to identify youngsters at future risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Potential target for developing obesity and diabetes treatment identified ... read more
August 9, 2018
A newly published study has identified a potential therapeutic target for treating obesity and diabetes. The scientists studied the biological function of an epigenetic modifier known as histone deacetylase 11 (HDAC11), and determined that deleting it in mice stimulates the formation of brown adipose tissue.

Dietary carbohydrates could lead to osteoarthritis, new study finds ... read more
August 9, 2018
Researchers have found that carbohydrate composition of diets increased the risk of osteoarthritis in laboratory mice -- even when the animals didn't differ in weight.

A diverse diet may not be the healthiest one ... read more
August 9, 2018
Scientific evidence to date does not support the notion that eating a diverse diet is healthy or promotes a healthy weight. Some studies suggest that a diverse diet may increase food consumption and the prevalence of obesity.

Fat-blocking effect of nanofibers discovered ... read more
August 8, 2018
Tiny balls of nano-sized cellulose fibers added to food reduced fat absorption by up to half in laboratory and animal experiments, scientists report.

Women and men experience different benefits from low-calorie diets ... read more
August 8, 2018
A low-calorie diet causes different metabolic effects in women than in men, a new study suggests.

Behavioral changes insufficient at preventing early childhood obesity ... read more
August 7, 2018
Young children and their families in poor communities were able to make some achievable and sustainable behavioral changes during the longest and largest obesity prevention intervention, but, in the end, the results were insufficient to prevent early childhood obesity.

 


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