National Childhood Obesity Foundation®

Childhood Obesity
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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

Rare genetic forms of obesity more numerous, diverse than previously thought ... read more
March 27, 2017
In their search of seven databases and analysis of 161 papers, researchers found that 79 obesity syndromes have been previously reported. Of the 79 syndromes, 19 have been genetically solved, to the point where a lab test could confirm a doctor's suspicions. Another 11 have been partially clarified, and 27 have been mapped to a chromosomal region. For the remaining 22 syndromes, neither the gene(s) nor the chromosomal location(s) have yet been identified.

Liver fully recovers from a low protein diet ... read more
March 27, 2017
Damage caused to the liver by a low protein diet can be repaired, according to new research.

Survivors of childhood brain tumors have increased body fat ... read more
March 24, 2017
New research findings suggest that one of the most important risk factors for heart disease and type 2 diabetes, which is excess total and central fat in the body, is present relatively early in survivors of childhood brain tumors. This may program their future risk of these diseases and impact their outcomes.

Cooking family meals, skipping TV during those meals linked to lower odds of obesity ... read more
March 23, 2017
Adults who don’t flip on the TV during dinner and those who eat home-cooked meals are less likely to be obese, a new study has found. But the frequency of family meals doesn’t appear to make much of a difference.

Blood fatty acids reveal your child's diet ... read more
March 23, 2017
Eating lots of sugary candy may strain the liver, alter the body’s fatty acid metabolism and increase the risk of cardiometabolic diseases already in childhood. Children’s blood fatty acid composition reflects their diet – but luckily this composition can be influenced by lifestyle interventions, say researchers.

Pre-pregnancy BMI directly linked to excess pregnancy weight gain ... read more
March 21, 2017
It's well known that excessive weight gain during pregnancy can have a lasting negative impact on the health of a mother and her baby. A new study finds that for young mothers (women who gave birth between the ages of 15 and 24), pre-pregnancy body mass index, or BMI, and ethnicity might signal a likelihood for obesity later in life.

Insulin resistance may lead to faster cognitive decline ... read more
March 21, 2017
Insulin resistance, caused in part by obesity and physical inactivity, is also linked to a more rapid decline in cognitive performance, new research suggests.

Healthy weight gain in infants ... read more
March 20, 2017
With nearly 10 percent of infants considered 'high weight for length,' researchers want to help babies achieve a healthy weight starting with their first months of life. Preliminary findings have shown that babies on a cow's milk formula have accelerated weight gain, compared to babies fed a hydrolyzed protein formula, who have weight gain similar to breastfed infants.

Indigenous South American group has healthiest arteries of all populations yet studied, providing clues to healthy lifestyle ... read more
March 17, 2017
An 80-year-old from the Tsimane (pronounced chee-MAH-nay) group had the same vascular age as an American in his or her mid-fifties, suggests a new report. The Tsimane people -- a forager-horticulturalist population of the Bolivian Amazon -- have the lowest reported levels of vascular aging for any population, with coronary atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) being five times less common than in the US, the research shows.

Fat cells step in to help liver during fasting ... read more
March 17, 2017
How do mammals keep two biologically crucial metabolites in balance during times when they are feeding, sleeping, and fasting? The answer may require rewriting some textbooks, say investigators.

Women, particularly minorities, do not meet nutrition guidelines shortly before pregnancy ... read more
March 17, 2017
Black, Hispanic and less-educated women consume a less nutritious diet than their well-educated, white counterparts in the weeks leading up to their first pregnancy, according to the only large-scale analysis of preconception adherence to national dietary guidelines. The study also found that, while inequalities exist, none of the women in any racial and socioeconomic group evaluated achieved recommendations set forth by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

New role for immune cells in preventing diabetes and hypertension ... read more
March 17, 2017
Immune cells which are reduced in number by obesity could be a new target to treat diseases such as type 2 diabetes and hypertension that affect overweight people, according to a collaborative study.

Agriculture, dietary changes, and adaptations in fat metabolism from ancient to modern Europeans ... read more
March 16, 2017
Evolutionary biologists are weighing in based on the increasing power of DNA analyses to explore how changes in diet over eons have caused human adaptations to genes regulating fat metabolism. Researchers examined data from 101 Bronze Age individuals, and present-day human data from the 1000 Genomes Project. His team analyzed adaptive mutations in the FADS region in Europeans, to determine which mutations might have been targeted by recent natural selection in Europeans and to investigate the physiological effects of the mutations.

Effects of gut flora revisited ... read more
March 16, 2017
Changes in gut microbiota after unhealthy diet may protect from metabolic disease.

'No fat' or 'no sugar' label equals no guarantee of nutritional quality ... read more
March 15, 2017
Terms such as no-fat or no-sugar, low-fat or reduced-salt on food packaging may give consumers a sense of confidence before they purchase, but these claims rarely reflect the actual nutritional quality of the food, according to a new study.

Whole-body vibration may be as effective as regular exercise ... read more
March 15, 2017
A less strenuous form of exercise known as whole-body vibration (WBV) can mimic the muscle and bone health benefits of regular exercise in mice, according to a new study. WBV consists of a person sitting, standing or lying on a machine with a vibrating platform. When the machine vibrates, it transmits energy to the body, and muscles contract and relax multiple times during each second.

Study links sulfide-producing bacteria and colon cancer in African-Americans ... read more
March 15, 2017
A new study reveals that African-Americans have measurable differences in the number and type of bacteria that live in the colon -- and those differences are related to their higher-than-average colon cancer risk.

Bariatric surgery impacts joint replacement outcomes in very obese patients ... read more
March 14, 2017
In morbidly obese patients, bariatric surgery performed prior to a total hip or knee replacement can reduce in-hospital and 90-day postoperative complications and improve patient health, but it does not reduce the risk of needing a revision surgery, report researchers.

Cooking at home tonight? It's likely cheaper and healthier, study finds ... read more
March 14, 2017
People who cook at home more often, rather than eating out, tend to have healthier overall diets without higher food expenses. Lack of time often prevents people from preparing their own nutritious meals. People with larger households and more children were more likely to cook at home. Income and education did not influence who was more likely to eat fast food.

Probiotics may not always be a silver bullet for better health ... read more
March 14, 2017
Researchers have investigated the impact of probiotics on gut health and cognitive function. In rats fed on 'junk' diets, the probiotic medicine was able to significantly impact microbial composition in the gut and prevent memory loss. But for rats on a healthy diet, the probiotic did little to influence microbial composition and actually impaired memory function.

Study indicates promising new approach to prevent and treat cholesterol gallstones ... read more
March 13, 2017
A new study reports on a promising new approach to prevent and treat cholesterol gallstone disease (CGD) that reduces the biliary output of cholesterol via activation of receptors present in tissues of the liver and small intestine.

Study identifies African-specific genomic variant associated with obesity ... read more
March 13, 2017
An international team of researchers conducted the first study of its kind to look at genomic underpinnings of obesity in continental Africans and African-Americans. They discovered that approximately 1 percent of west Africans, African-Americans and others of African ancestry carry a genomic variant that increases their risk of obesity and provides insight into why obesity clusters in families.

Unhealthy diets linked to more than 400,000 cardiovascular deaths ... read more
March 9, 2017
Eating a diet lacking in healthy foods and/or high in unhealthy foods was estimated to contribute to more than 400,000 deaths from heart and blood vessel diseases in the United States in 2015. Eating more nuts, vegetables, and whole grains, and less salt and trans fats, could save tens of thousands of lives in the US each year.

Men with impaired glucose metabolism should avoid high-carbohydrate foods in the evening ... read more
March 9, 2017
According to a nutrition study, the so-called internal clock also influences how people with impaired glucose metabolism react to carbohydrate-rich food. E.g., in men with prediabetes, abundant consumption of foods containing starch and sugar in the evening had a negative effect on their blood glucose regulation. In comparison, in healthy study participants the timing of carbohydrate intake did not play a significant role in blood glucose regulation.

Diet and global climate change ... read more
March 8, 2017
Eating healthier food could reduce greenhouse gas emissions, suggests a new study. As it turns out, some relatively small diet tweaks could add up to significant inroads in addressing climate change.

Bone-derived hormone suppresses appetite in mice ... read more
March 8, 2017
Lipocalin 2, a hormone secreted by bone cells, suppresses appetite in mice, researchers have discovered. The study findings, which reveal a new mechanism for regulating food intake and blood sugar, could lead to the development of new treatments for obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other metabolic disorders.

Study parses influence of genes, environment in metabolic disease ... read more
March 8, 2017
By comparing two strains of mice -- one that becomes obese and diabetic on a high-fat diet and another resistant to a high-fat regimen -- researchers identified genome-wide changes caused by a high-fat diet.

Fewer overweight adults report trying to lose weight ... read more
March 7, 2017
Although weight gain has continued among US adults, fewer report trying to lose weight, according to a new study.

Being overweight in early pregnancy associated with increased rate of cerebral palsy ... read more
March 7, 2017
Being overweight or obese early in pregnancy was associated with increased rates of cerebral palsy in children, according to a study in Swedish women.

Sulforaphane, a phytochemical in broccoli sprouts, ameliorates obesity ... read more
March 7, 2017
Sulforaphane, a phytochemical in broccoli sprouts, is known to exert effects of cancer prevention by detoxicating chemical compounds taken into the body and by enhancing anti-oxidation ability. In the present study, experiments with mice demonstrate that sulforaphane ameliorates obesity, the conclusion based on the two functions of sulforaphane newly uncovered; amelioration of obesity through enhancing energy consumption by browning of adipocytes, and reduction of metabolic endotoxemia through improving gut bacterial flora.

Low carbohydrate diets should be considered for diabetes management ... read more
March 7, 2017
Following a reduced carbohydrate diet can help to lower blood glucose levels, providing a safe and effective strategy for managing diabetes, new research suggests. 

Study identifies 90 genes in fat that may contribute to dangerous diseases ... read more
March 6, 2017
A sweeping international effort is connecting the dots between genes in our fat cells and our risk for obesity and cardiometabolic diseases such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes. The researchers have identified approximately 90 genes found in fat that could play important roles in such diseases -- and could be targeted to develop new treatments or cures.

Exercise-induced hormone irisin linked to new mechanisms for bone metabolism ... read more
March 3, 2017
Two weeks of voluntary wheel running induced higher expression of irisin -- a fat-burning hormone released during exercise -- in bone tissue in mice. In addition, systemic administration of irisin increased bone formation and thickness, mimicking the effects of exercise on the mouse skeletal system.

From mother to baby: 'Secondhand sugars' can pass through breast milk ... read more
March 2, 2017
Add breast milk to the list of foods and beverages that contain fructose, a sweetener linked to health issues ranging from obesity to diabetes. The proof-of-concept study involving 25 mothers and infants provides preliminary evidence that even fructose equivalent to the weight of a grain of rice in a full day's serving of breast milk is associated with increased body weight, muscle and bone mineral content.

New treatment for fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes burns up fat in liver ... read more
March 2, 2017
Researchers are planning the clinical trial of a new treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes which harnesses liver cells’ own ability to burn accumulated fats.

Study identifies strategies to improve knee replacement outcomes in patients with obesity ... read more
March 1, 2017
Obesity affects 35 percent of the adult population in the US. A new literature review identifies strategies to improve total knee replacement outcomes in patients with obesity.

Humans have three times more brown body fat ... read more
March 1, 2017
Compared to white fat, brown body fat burns through energy at an extraordinary rate. However, until now the proportion of brown fat in humans was thought to be quite small. Now a study has shown that the quantity of brown fat in humans is three times greater than previously known. As a consequence, new obesity and diabetes drugs that activate brown adipose tissue are expected to be more effective.

Overweight mothers underestimate their children's weight ... read more
March 1, 2017
Mothers who are overweight or obese tend to underestimate the weights of their obese children, according to a new study that surveyed 230 overweight or obese mothers in St. Louis who had a preschool-aged child.

Benefits of physical activity may outweigh impact of obesity on cardiovascular disease ... read more
March 1, 2017
The benefits of physical activity may outweigh the impact of overweight and obesity on cardiovascular disease in middle-aged and elderly people, according to research. The observational study was conducted in more than 5,000 people aged 55 years and older who were followed-up for 15 years.

Could a ketogenic diet alleviate gout? ... read more
February 28, 2017
Recent work has shown that the ketone body ?-hydroxybutyrate can specifically inhibit the NLRP3 inflammasome. They found that feeding rats a high-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet increased ?-hydroxybutyrate levels and protected rats from joint swelling, tissue damage, and systemic inflammation normally seen during gout.

Ketogenic diet shown safe, effective option for some with rare and severest form of epilepsy ... read more
February 27, 2017
In a small phase I and II clinical trial, researchers and colleagues elsewhere found that the high-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet was a safe and effective treatment option for the majority of adults experiencing a relatively rare, often fatal and always severe form of epilepsy marked by prolonged seizures that require medically induced comas to prevent them from further damaging the body and the brain.

Effects of a poor diet during pregnancy may be reversed in female adolescent offspring ... read more
February 24, 2017
Here's some good news if you are female: Research shows that in mice, what is eaten during adolescence or childhood development may alter long-term behavior and learning, and can even 'rescue' females from the negative effects on behavior resulting from a poor maternal diet during pregnancy.

Gastric balloon is new weight loss option ... read more
February 23, 2017
The Food and Drug Administration has approved another option to treat obesity: a grapefruit-size gastric balloon that takes up as much as half the volume of the stomach.

Early birds may make healthier food choices than night owls ... read more
February 23, 2017
Researchers looked at data from nearly 2,000 randomly chosen people to determine if their circadian or biological clock rhythm (chronotype) affected what they ate and at what time. Clear differences in both energy and macronutrients between the two chronotypes abound, with morning people making healthier choices throughout the day. Evening types ate less protein overall and ate more sucrose in the morning. In the evening, they ate more sucrose, fat and saturated fatty acids.

Type 2 diabetes prevented in 80 per cent of at-risk patients thanks to repurposed drug ... read more
February 23, 2017
A weight loss drug has reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 80 per cent compared to placebo, report investigators.

Long-term stress linked to higher levels of obesity, hair samples show ... read more
February 23, 2017
People who suffer long-term stress may also be more prone to obesity, according to research that involved examining hair samples for levels of cortisol, a hormone which regulates the body's response to stress.

The role of weight in postmenopausal women's longevity ... read more
February 23, 2017
In a large multiethnic study, being underweight was linked with an increased risk of early death among postmenopausal women, report researchers.

A trend reversal in childhood obesity: Decline in BMI in 8-year-old boys ... read more
February 22, 2017
After decades of increasing childhood obesity, things are now going in the opposite direction. A study shows that among 8-year-old boys in Sweden, the percentage of boys suffering from overweight or obesity has decreased to their lowest levels since the early 1990s.

Obesity reprograms muscle stem cells ... read more
February 22, 2017
Obesity is associated with reduced muscle mass and impaired metabolism. Epigenetic changes that affect the formation of new muscle cells may be a contributing factor, according to new research.

Gene that may strongly influence obesity uncovered ... read more
February 21, 2017
A new study on fruit flies has uncovered a gene that could play a key role in obesity in humans. The paper examines a 'foraging gene' humans share in common with the flies, which plays multiple roles and is found in similar places, such as the nervous system, in the muscle and in fat. Researchers say the study nails the gene for being very important for the traits of moving, feeding and fat storage.

Mediterranean diet may decrease pain associated with obesity ... read more
February 21, 2017
Eating a Mediterranean diet could decrease the chances an overweight person will experience regular pain, new research suggests.

Helping parents understand BMI may lead to positive changes in childhood obesity ... read more
February 21, 2017
Getting children to move more is a team effort. A new study found parents were more likely to change their child’s lifestyle when schools provided educational materials along with the results of their child’s body mass index screening.

Only one-third of parents think they are doing a good job helping kids eat healthy foods ... read more
February 20, 2017
If you know healthy eating is important for your kids, but you also feel like it's easier said than done, you're not alone. Many parents may not be following the recipe for encouraging healthy diets in their kids, and 1 in 5 don't think it's important to limit fast food and other junk food, outlines a new report.

Child obesity '35-40 percent' inherited from parents ... read more
February 20, 2017
Around 35-40 percent of a child's BMI -- how fat or thin they are -- is inherited from their parents, a new study has found.

From mice, clues to microbiome's influence on metabolic disease ... read more
February 17, 2017
The community of microorganisms that resides in the gut, known as the microbiome, has been shown to work in tandem with the genes of a host organism to regulate insulin secretion, a key variable in the onset of the metabolic disease diabetes, new research has found.

Pizza, burgers and the like: A single high-fat meal can damage the metabolism ... read more
February 16, 2017
The global proliferation of overweight and obese people and people with type 2 diabetes is often associated with the consumption of saturated fats. Scientists have found that even the one-off consumption of a greater amount of palm oil reduces the body's sensitivity to insulin and causes increased fat deposits as well as changes in the energy metabolism of the liver.

Scientifically-designed fasting diet lowers risks for major diseases ... read more
February 16, 2017
Results of a randomized clinical trial shows a periodic, five-day fasting diet designed by a esearcher safely reduced the risk factors for heart disease, cancer, diabetes and other age-related diseases.

Father's diet impacts on son's ability to reproduce, study in flies suggests ... read more
February 15, 2017
The view that males just pass on genetic material and not much else to their offspring has now been debunked. Instead, new research found a father's diet can affect their son's ability to out-compete a rival's sperm after mating.

Increased levels of active vitamin D can help to optimize muscle strength ... read more
February 15, 2017
Researchers have shown that increasing the levels of active vitamin D can help to optimize muscle strength in humans.

Scientists take aim at obesity-linked protein ... read more
February 15, 2017
Scientists have shown that deleting the gene for this protein, known as IP6K1, protects animal models from both obesity and diabetes.


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