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Childhood Obesity
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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

Dietary quality influences microbiome composition in human colonic mucosa ... read more
July 15, 2019
Studying the association between diet quality and microbiome composition in human colonic mucosa revealed that a high-quality diet is linked to more potentially beneficial bacteria, while a low-quality diet is associated with an increase in potentially harmful bacteria.

Early and ongoing experiences of weight stigma linked to self-directed weight shaming ... read more
July 15, 2019
Researchers surveyed more than 18,000 adults enrolled in the commercial weight management program WW International, and found that participants who internalized weight bias the most tended to be younger, female, have a higher body mass index (BMI), and have an earlier onset of their weight struggle.

'Traffic light' food labels reduce calories purchased in hospital cafeteria ... read more
July 10, 2019
A new study shows that labeling food choices in a hospital cafeteria with simple 'traffic-light' symbols indicating their relative health value was associated with a reduction in calories purchased by employees.

In UK's third largest city intervention program helps reduce childhood obesity ... read more
July 10, 2019
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions, and continues to rise globally, particularly for children living in poverty. But Leeds, England has seen a significant fall in obesity, particularly among the city's poorest and most disadvantaged children. The decline coincides with a strategy introduced in 2009 which aimed to tackle the obesity epidemic. At its heart was HENRY, an intervention designed to help parents provide their families with a healthier start in life.

Maternal obesity linked to childhood cancer ... read more
July 10, 2019
New study analyzed 2 million birth records and 3,000 cancer registry records and found that children born to obese mothers were 57% more likely to develop cancer, independent of other factors. This finding offers a rare opportunity for childhood cancer prevention.

Exercise improves brain function in overweight and obese individuals ... read more
July 9, 2019
New findings show that, on top of its benefits for metabolism, mood, and general health, exercise also improves brain function. In recent studies, researchers learned that obese and overweight individuals are prone to insulin resistance in the brain, where it provides information about current nutritional status, as well as the rest of the body. So researchers wanted to know whether exercise can improve insulin sensitivity in the brain and improve cognition in overweight individuals.

Criteria for bariatric surgery should consider more than just patient's weight ... read more
July 9, 2019
More than one-third of Americans are obese, and while more than 250,000 bariatric surgeries are performed annually in the United States, experts say surgery should be an option for many more patients. Researchers say the standard criteria to qualify for bariatric surgery are nearly three decades old and are arbitrarily based on a patient's body mass index (BMI).

A tale of two proteins: The best and worst of metabolic adaptation ... read more
July 8, 2019
The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease hypothesis states that the nutritional environment in early life makes people susceptible to lifestyle-related diseases, such as obesity, diabetes and heart attack, as adults. Many of those diseases exhibit reduced mitochondrial metabolism in the tissues of the body. Now, researcher reveal that two metabolic pathways involved in energy metabolism may play a role in the DOHaD hypothesis.

Tiny change has big effects, reverses prediabetes in mice ... read more
July 4, 2019
A small chemical change -- shifting the position of two hydrogen atoms -- makes the difference between mice that are healthy or that have insulin resistance and fatty liver, major risk factors for diabetes and heart disease. Making the change prevented the onset of these symptoms in mice fed a high-fat diet and reversed these prediabetes obese mice. Published in Science, the finding pinpoints a 'druggable' target that could be used to develop therapies for diabetes.

Obese people outnumber smokers two to one ... read more
July 2, 2019
New figures show that people who are obese now outnumber people who smoke two to one in the UK, and excess weight causes more cases of certain cancers than smoking, as the charity urges government action to tackle obesity.

Promising approach: Prevent diabetes with intermittent fasting ... read more
July 2, 2019
Intermittent fasting is known to improve sensitivity to the blood glucose-lowering hormone insulin and to protect against fatty liver. Scientists have now discovered that mice on an intermittent fasting regimen also exhibited lower pancreatic fat.The researchers showed the mechanism by which pancreatic fat could contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.

Innate immune responses to high-fat diets lead to obesity ... read more
July 2, 2019
Why is eating a high fat diet a recipe for obesity? According to a new study, the answer involves the activity of a specific type of immune cell that lives in the small intestine. Experiments showed that without group-2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) in the small intestines, mice can eat high-fat diets without gaining extra weight or suffering from other physiological symptoms of obesity.

Higher salt intake can cause gastrointestinal bloating ... read more
June 27, 2019
A new study found that individuals reported more gastrointestinal bloating when they ate a diet high in salt.

What made humans 'the fat primate'? ... read more
June 26, 2019
How did humans get to be so much fatter than our closest primate relatives, despite sharing 99% of the same DNA? A new study suggests that part of the answer may have to do with an ancient molecular shift in how DNA is packaged inside fat cells, which curbed our body's ability to turn 'bad' white fat into 'good' brown fat.

Could coffee be the secret to fighting obesity? ... read more
June 24, 2019
Scientists have discovered that drinking a cup of coffee can stimulate 'brown fat', the body's own fat-fighting defenses, which could be the key to tackling obesity and diabetes.

'Hunger hormone' imbalance can trigger obesity ... read more
June 21, 2019
Scientists discovered a new mutation in the gene that regulates the key hormone suppressing hunger called leptin. This new mutation could help researchers understand why people develop excess of body fat.

Low-carb diet may reduce diabetes risk independent of weight loss ... read more
June 20, 2019
A low-carb diet may have benefits for people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes even if they don't lose any weight, a new study suggests.

Lifelong obesity linked to physical difficulties aged 50 ... read more
June 19, 2019
People who are obese from childhood through to middle age are more than twice as likely to have difficulty with daily tasks such as lifting, climbing stairs and carrying shopping by the time they are 50, a new study has found.

Biology of leptin, the hunger hormone, revealed ... read more
June 18, 2019
New research offers insight into leptin, a hormone that plays a key role in appetite, overeating, and obesity. The findings advance knowledge about leptin and weight gain, and also suggest a potential strategy for developing future weight-loss treatments, they said.

The brain consumes half of a child's energy -- and that could matter for weight gain ... read more
June 17, 2019
A new study proposes that variation in the energy needs of brain development across kids -- in terms of the timing, intensity and duration of energy use -- could influence patterns of energy expenditure and weight gain.

Excess weight and body fat cause cardiovascular disease ... read more
June 13, 2019
In the first Mendelian randomization study to look at this, researchers have found evidence that excess weight and body fat cause a range of heart and blood vessel diseases, rather than just being associated with it.

Pre-pregnancy weight affects infant growth response to breast milk ... read more
June 13, 2019
In the first study of its kind, LSU Health New Orleans researchers report that women's pre-pregnancy overweight or obesity produces changes in breast milk, which can affect infant growth.

Even in young children: Higher weight = higher blood pressure ... read more
June 13, 2019
Overweight 4-year-olds have a doubled risk of high blood pressure by age six, raising the hazard of future heart attack and stroke.

Food access near schools and homes illuminated for children in New York city ... read more
June 12, 2019
A study of nearly 800,000 schoolchildren in New York City shows that Black, Hispanic, and Asian students live and go to school closer to both healthy and unhealthy food outlets than do White students.

Curbing your enthusiasm for overeating ... read more
June 11, 2019
Signals between our gut and brain control how and when we eat food. But how the molecular mechanisms involved in this signaling are affected when we eat a high-energy diet and how they contribute to obesity are not well understood. Using a mouse model, a research team led by a biomedical scientists has found that overactive endocannabinoid signaling in the gut drives overeating in diet-induced obesity by blocking gut-brain satiation signaling.

Sleeping with artificial light at night associated with weight gain in women ... read more
June 10, 2019
Sleeping with a television or light on in the room may be a risk factor for gaining weight or developing obesity, according to scientists. The research is the first to find an association between sleeping with artificial light at night and weight gain in women. The results suggest that cutting off lights at bedtime could reduce women's chances of becoming obese.

Gene mutation evolved to cope with modern high-sugar diets ... read more
June 4, 2019
A common gene mutation helps people cope with modern diets by keeping blood sugar low, but close to half of people still have an older variant that may be better suited to prehistoric diets, finds a new study.

Diabetes drug alleviates anxiety in mice ... read more
June 3, 2019
The antidiabetic medication metformin reduces anxiety-like behaviors in male mice by increasing serotonin availability in the brain, according to a new study. These findings could have implications for the treatment of patients with both metabolic and mental disorders.

Being teased about weight linked to more weight gain among children ... read more
May 30, 2019
Youth who said they were teased or ridiculed about their weight increased their body mass by 33 percent more each year, compared to a similar group who had not been teased, according to researchers. The findings appear to contradict the belief that such teasing might motivate youth to change their behavior and attempt to lose weight.

Bariatric surgery can be safe and effective for adolescents ... read more
May 28, 2019
Pediatricians are often reluctant to recommend bariatric surgery for teenagers, but a study concludes it is a justifiable treatment for adolescents with persistent extreme obesity if they can maintain a healthy lifestyle afterward.

Stiffening arteries in teenagers with persistent obesity ... read more
May 28, 2019
Children and adolescents with long-term obesity have increased arterial stiffness by their late teens, a study of more than 3,000 children followed from age 9 to 17 shows. These results, in the researchers' view, call for more initiatives to reduce teenage obesity.

How interval training affects 'belly fat' in obese 70-year-olds ... read more
May 28, 2019
Researchers have designed a study to learn more about the effects of a 10-week, easy-to-perform, personalized, progressive vigorous-intensity interval training among 70-year-olds with 'belly fat.'

High sugar levels during pregnancy could lead to childhood obesity ... read more
May 28, 2019
The children of women who have high glucose blood levels during pregnancy, even if their mothers are not diagnosed with gestational diabetes, are at an increased risk of developing obesity in childhood, according to a new study.

Children from disadvantaged backgrounds do less vigorous physical activity ... read more
May 28, 2019
Children from disadvantaged backgrounds and certain ethnic minority backgrounds in the United Kingdom have lower levels of vigorous physical activity, according to researchers.

Don't overdo omega-6 fat consumption during pregnancy ... read more
May 25, 2019
New research showed that eating a diet with three times the recommended daily intake of linoleic acid might be harmful in pregnancy.

Stark social inequalities in children's body mass index (BMI) ... read more
May 24, 2019
Researchers have found that socioeconomic inequalities in children's body mass index (BMI) emerge during the preschool years and widen across childhood and into early adolescence. By analyzing data on height and weight (BMI) they found that lower maternal education was associated with faster gains in child body weight but lower height growth leading to a higher risk of overweight and obesity.

Variation of FTO gene linked to weight gain and obesity in children ... read more
May 23, 2019
Researchers have discovered that children who do not have obesity, but who are at risk for the chronic disease due to a common genetic variant eat more, according to a new study.

New strategy for preventing holiday weight gain ... read more
May 23, 2019
To avoid putting on extra pounds at the holidays, researchers have found that US adults who engage in daily self-weighing can prevent holiday weight gain.

Keep your placenta healthy by exercising while pregnant ... read more
May 23, 2019
New research found a possible explanation for the benefits of maternal exercise on fetal development, in obese mothers: it's down to improved placental function, which prevents the fetus from growing too big, and also better metabolism in the mothers.

Genetic switch controls conversion of bad to good fat ... read more
May 22, 2019
Researchers have identified a way to control the production of white fat using TLE3, a genetic switch that stops the conversion of white fat into beige fat.

Eating healthily at work matters ... read more
May 22, 2019
A new study has demonstrated that employees at a large urban hospital who purchased the least healthy food in its cafeteria were more likely to have an unhealthy diet outside of work, be overweight and/or obese, and have risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease, compared to employees who made healthier purchases.

New study estimates preventable cancer burden linked to poor diet in the US ... read more
May 22, 2019
A new study has estimated the association between suboptimal consumption of seven types of foods and specific cancers. They found that poor diet is on par with alcohol, excessive body weight, and physical activity.

Dawn-to-sunset fasting suggests potential new treatment for obesity-related conditions ... read more
May 21, 2019
Fasting from dawn to sunset for 30 days increased levels of proteins that play a crucial role in improving insulin resistance and protecting against the risks from a high-fat, high-sugar diet, according to researchers.

Children who walk to school less likely to be overweight or obese ... read more
May 21, 2019
Children who regularly walk or cycle to school are less likely to be overweight or obese than those who travel by car or public transport.

Weight gain and loss may worsen dementia risk in older people ... read more
May 20, 2019
Older people who experience significant weight gain or weight loss could be raising their risk of developing dementia, suggests a study from Korea.

Early weight-loss surgery may improve type 2 diabetes, blood pressure outcomes ... read more
May 16, 2019
Despite similar weight loss, teens who had gastric bypass surgery were significantly more likely to have remission of both type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, compared to adults who had the same procedure. Previously, no treatment has shown longer-term effectiveness at reversing type 2 diabetes in youth, which tends to advance more quickly than in adults.

Heavily processed foods cause overeating and weight gain, study finds ... read more
May 16, 2019
People eating ultra-processed foods ate more calories and gained more weight than when they ate a minimally processed diet, according to results from a new study. The difference occurred even though meals provided to the volunteers in both the ultra-processed and minimally processed diets had the same number of calories and macronutrients.

What happens when your picky eater becomes a teenager? ... read more
May 14, 2019
Toddlers who are picky about their food are not deficient in essential nutrients compared to their peers when they are teenagers.

Obesity: The key role of a brain protein revealed ... read more
May 13, 2019
Regardless of how much you exercise or how balanced your diet is, controlling your weight is more brain-related than you might have thought. Researchers show for the first time in mice that the acyl-CoA-binding protein, or ACBP, has a direct influence on the neurons that allow rodents and humans to maintain a healthy weight.

Maternal microbes mediate diet-derived damage ... read more
May 13, 2019
New research has found, using a mouse model, that microbes in the maternal intestine may contribute to impairment of the gut barrier during pregnancy.

The heart 'talks' to fat cells ... read more
May 9, 2019
Like sending a letter through the mail or a text over a cellular network, the heart can generate messages that travel long distances through the body. Those messages ultimately reach fat cells, new research shows. The findings could have implications for modulating weight gain in patients with heart failure.

Older adults with obesity may have fewer years of healthy life ... read more
May 9, 2019
A study conducted of older Singaporeans (above 60 years) showed that those with a higher Body Mass Index (BMI) might have the same number of remaining years of life compared to those with a lower BMI, but spend fewer of those years in good health.

Avocados, as a substitution for carbohydrates, can suppress hunger without adding calories ... read more
May 8, 2019
A new study suggests that meals that include fresh avocado as a substitute for refined carbohydrates can significantly suppress hunger and increase meal satisfaction in overweight and obese adults.

Role of psychological distress and emotional eating in obesity ... read more
May 8, 2019
New research has found that people on lower incomes may be more likely to have obesity due to psychological distress that gives rise to emotional eating to cope.

Fat fruit flies: High-sugar diet deadens sweet tooth; promotes overeating, obesity in flies ... read more
May 7, 2019
Some research suggests that one reason people with obesity overeat is because they don't enjoy food -- especially sweets -- as much as lean people.

Children and teens who drink low-calorie sweetened beverages do not save calories ... read more
May 2, 2019
US children and teens who consumed low-calorie or zero-calorie sweetened beverages took in about 200 extra calories on a given day compared to those who drank water, and they took in about the same number of calories as youth who consumed sugary beverages, according to a new study.

Walnuts may help lower blood pressure for those at risk of heart disease ... read more
May 1, 2019
When combined with a diet low in saturated fats, eating walnuts may help lower blood pressure in people at risk for cardiovascular disease, according to a new study.

Keto diet has potential in military, researchers say ... read more
April 30, 2019
A new study has researchers hopeful that a ketogenic diet could prove useful in the military, where obesity is an ongoing challenge, both in terms of recruiting soldiers and keeping them fit for service.

Fat cell discovery could help combat obesity-related health issues ... read more
April 30, 2019
A world-first discovery has identified three different kinds of fat cells including a 'fast burning' type which if unlocked might help people lose weight.

Put down the protein shake: Variety of protein better for health ... read more
April 30, 2019
Researchers have examined whether there are any ongoing ramifications or potential side-effects from long-term high protein intake or from consuming certain types of amino acids.


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