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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

Healthy fats improve nerve function in obese mice ... read more
March 18, 2019
Swapping dietary saturated fats for monounsaturated fats reverses nerve damage and restores nerve function in male mice, finds new preclinical research. These data support further investigation of diets rich in healthy fats as a potential treatment for the nerve damage that occurs with diabetes, known as diabetic neuropathy.

Green tea cuts obesity, health risks in mice ... read more
March 14, 2019
Green tea cut obesity and a number of inflammatory biomarkers linked with poor health in a new study.

Free fatty acids appear to rewire cells to promote obesity-related breast cancer ... read more
March 13, 2019
Free fatty acids in the blood are linked with higher rates of estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer in obese postmenopausal women, according to a new study.

Mediterranean diet boosts endurance exercise within days, study finds ... read more
March 6, 2019
Researchers have found that eating a Mediterranean diet can improve athletes' endurance exercise performance after just four days.

Scientists identify genetic factors that may cause some people to become obese ... read more
March 6, 2019
New research on leptin, a hormone that regulates appetite, reveals a previously unknown mechanism that may be responsible for at least 10 percent of obesity cases. The findings could help identify individuals with treatable forms of the condition.

Daily intake of nutritional supplements cannot prevent depression ... read more
March 6, 2019
The largest randomized clinical trial to study the effects of nutritional strategies on the prevention of major depressive disorder concludes that daily intake of nutritional supplements cannot prevent depression.

Low-carb diet tied to common heart rhythm disorder ... read more
March 6, 2019
Low-carb diets are all the rage, but can cutting carbohydrates spell trouble for your heart? People getting a low proportion of their daily calories from carbohydrates such as grains, fruits and starchy vegetables are significantly more likely to develop atrial fibrillation (AFib), the most common heart rhythm disorder, according to a new study.

Soda, sugar-sweetened beverages linked to more severe symptoms for people with multiple sclerosis ... read more
March 5, 2019
For people with multiple sclerosis (MS), drinking around 290 calories per day of soda or other sugar-sweetened beverages, or the equivalent of about two cans of non-diet soda, may be tied to more severe symptoms and a higher level of disability compared to people with MS who seldom consume sugar-sweetened beverages, according to a preliminary study.

Integrated therapy treating obesity and depression is effective ... read more
March 5, 2019
An intervention combining behavioral weight loss treatment and problem-solving therapy with as-needed antidepressant medication for participants with co-occurring obesity and depression improved weight loss and depressive symptoms compared with routine physician care.

How celastrol sensitizes brains to leptin, curbing hunger and obesity ... read more
March 4, 2019
Celastrol's potent anti-obesity effects were widely reported in 2015. Derived from the roots of the thunder god vine, the drug curbed food intake in obese mice by nearly 80 percent, producing up to a 45 percent weight loss.

High-fat diet and age alter microflora and cause inflammation in heart failure ... read more
March 1, 2019
Growing older and a high-fat diet enriched with omega 6 fatty acids are major contributors to health risks ranging from diabetes to heart failure. How these factors regulate the immune response is now described -- a calorie-dense, obesity-generating diet in aging mice disrupts the composition of the gut microbiome. This correlates with development of a system-wide nonresolving inflammation in acute heart failure, with a notable disruption of the immune cell profile, primarily the neutrophil-leukocyte ratio.

Lipid-filled particle may work with immune system to keep fat healthy ... read more
February 28, 2019
Researchers have discovered a new particle in fat that works with the immune system to rejuvenate fat.

Tracking food leads to losing pounds ... read more
February 28, 2019
Without following a particular diet, overweight people who tracked daily food consumption using a free smartphone app lost a significant amount of weight in a new study. The results were achieved using automated, free tools, rather than expensive in-person interventions, suggesting a possible low-cost route to effective weight loss.

Cellular alterations increase vulnerability of obese and diabetic individuals to infection ... read more
February 26, 2019
A study identifies changes to neutrophils that appear to explain why people suffering from obesity and type 2 diabetes are more likely to contract infectious diseases.

Is the most effective weight-loss strategy really that hard? ... read more
February 25, 2019
Dietary self-monitoring is the best predictor of weight-loss success. But the practice is viewed as so unpleasant and time-consuming, many would-be weight-losers won't adopt it. New research shows for the first time how little time it actually takes: 14.6 minutes per day on average. The frequency of monitoring, not the time spent on the process, was the key factor for those in the study who successfully lost weight.

Fat cells work different 'shifts' throughout the day ... read more
February 25, 2019
Fat cells in the human body have their own internal clocks and exhibit circadian rhythms affecting critical metabolic functions, new research finds.

Scientists uncover how high-fat diet drives colorectal cancer growth ... read more
February 21, 2019
A new study suggests that high-fat diets fuel colorectal cancer growth by upsetting the balance of bile acids in the intestine and triggering a hormonal signal that lets potentially cancerous cells thrive. The findings could explain why colorectal cancer, which can take decades to develop, is being seen in younger people growing up at a time when higher-fat diets are common.

American women have better control of high blood pressure but are more obese than men ... read more
February 19, 2019
A study of more than 30,000 Americans since 2001 has revealed significant differences in management of heart disease risk between women and men.

DNA variants significantly influence body fat distribution ... read more
February 18, 2019
Researchers have identified multiple genetic variants associated with how the body regulates and distributes body-fat tissue. The new findings broaden the understanding of how genes can predispose certain individuals to obesity.

The Lypla1 gene impacts obesity in a sex-specific manner ... read more
February 15, 2019
Susceptibility to obesity, insulin resistance and other cardio-metabolic traits may also be dependent on a person's sex. An international research team studied sex differences and sex-specific interaction with the genetic background in cardio-metabolic phenotypes. The researchers discovered, among other things, a sex-specific obesity locus of the Lypla1 gene, which is associated with human obesity.

Interval training may shed more pounds than continuous moderate intensity workout ... read more
February 14, 2019
Interval training may shed more pounds than a continuous moderate intensity workout, suggests a pooled analysis of the available evidence.

More protein and fewer calories help older people lose weight safely ... read more
February 14, 2019
A high-protein, low-calorie diet helps older adults with obesity lose more weight, maintain more muscle mass, improve bone quality and lose 'bad' fat, according to recent results.

Diet could help runners beat stomach issues ... read more
February 14, 2019
Research indicates that cutting out specific foods can alleviate the gastrointestinal issues some people experience when they exercise, with over two-thirds of people involved in a new study reporting an improvement.

Diet drinks may be associated with strokes among post-menopausal women ... read more
February 14, 2019
In a large observational study, women who reported drinking more than one diet soda or other artificially sweetened drink a day had a higher risk of strokes caused by a blood clot. The association between diet drinks and stroke risk was stronger in obese women and in African-American women.

Diets consisting of fewer calories improve cell performance ... read more
February 12, 2019
Animal experiments have shown that caloric restriction causes cellular changes that can prevent diseases.

Accelerated risk of mobility loss for people aged 60+ tied to excess weight/inactivity ... read more
February 12, 2019
The combination of excess weight/obesity and an inactive lifestyle represents a powerful joint risk factor for developing mobility loss after age 60, according to a new study.

Protein released from fat after exercise improves glucose ... read more
February 11, 2019
Exercise training causes dramatic changes to fat. Additionally, this 'trained' fat releases beneficial factors into the bloodstream.

Excessive weight gain in early childhood affects teenage heart health ... read more
February 6, 2019
Excessive weight gain in children under two years can lead to cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in teenage years including increased cholesterol, being overweight and having fat around the middle, finds new research.

Weight loss surgery changes the way our bodies sense food ... read more
February 5, 2019
How bariatric surgery helps people with obesity and diabetes is related to changes in the way the gut senses food and nutrients after the operation, researchers report. They found that following surgery, altered patterns of digestion and absorption lower in the gut trigger production of higher levels of gut hormones, especially glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), which in turn causes higher insulin production.

Flaxseed fiber ferments in gut to improve health, reduce obesity ... read more
February 5, 2019
Research in mice suggests that fermentation of flaxseed fibers in the gut changes the microbiota to improve metabolic health and protect against diet-induced obesity.

Healthy diet can ease symptoms of depression ... read more
February 5, 2019
An analysis of data from almost 46,000 people has found that weight loss, nutrient boosting and fat reduction diets can all reduce the symptoms of depression.

New wisdom about high cholesterol treatment for adults aged 80 and older ... read more
February 4, 2019
A team of researchers decided to learn more about whether current triglyceride-level guidelines make sense for people aged 80 and older.

Obesity-related cancers rising in young adults in the US ... read more
February 4, 2019
A new study finds rates are increasing for six of 12 cancers related to obesity in younger adults in the United States, with steeper increases in progressively younger ages and successively younger generations.

Quality of overall diet is key to lowering type 2 diabetes risk ... read more
February 4, 2019
New research shows that a high-quality diet defined by low intake of animal foods such as red meat, and high intake of plant foods such as vegetables, fruits and whole grains, and reduced intake of sweetened beverages could be associated with reduced risk of diabetes.

Study links protein, clusterin, to cardiac and metabolic diseases ... read more
February 4, 2019
During a study spanning nearly a decade, researchers have linked the protein clusterin -- for the first time -- to many different facets of cardiometabolic syndrome risk through its actions in the liver. Cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) is a cluster of conditions occurring together that increase a person's risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

The dangers of hidden fat: Exercise is your best defense against deep abdominal fat ... read more
February 1, 2019
Researchers analyzed two types of interventions -- lifestyle modification (exercise) and pharmacological (medicine) -- to learn how best to defeat fat lying deep in the belly.

Identity crisis of satiety neurons leads to obesity ... read more
January 31, 2019
Obesity -- as research in the past decade has shown -- is first and foremost a brain disease. Researchers have discovered a molecular switch that controls the function of satiety neurons and therefore body weight.

Children exposed to air pollution at school may be at greater risk of overweight and obesity ... read more
January 31, 2019
Exposure to air pollution, particularly at school, could be associated with a higher risk of overweight and obesity during childhood.

Americans concerned about weight, but don't understand link to heart conditions, health ... read more
January 31, 2019
A new survey finds that while most Americans (88 percent) understand that there is a connection between a healthy heart and a healthy weight, most aren't doing enough -- or anything -- to combat their own weight issues. The survey found 65 percent are worried about getting heart disease due to extra pounds, yet less than half (43 percent) of Americans have tried to make dietary changes to lose weight.

Some gut cells slow down metabolism, accelerate cardiovascular disease ... read more
January 30, 2019
Researchers have discovered how specific cells in the guts of mice slow down metabolism and eventually contribute to obesity, diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis. The findings, scientists say, could have important implications for the prevention and treatment of these kinds of metabolic diseases in humans.

Calorie restriction prevents asthma symptoms linked to inflammation in mice ... read more
January 30, 2019
Experimenting with mice, researchers report that a low-calorie diet prevented asthma symptoms regardless of the diet's fat and sugar content. The researchers also say they found that obesity resulting from a high-calorie diet led to asthma symptoms in the animals by causing lung inflammation, and a drug that blocks inflammation eased those symptoms.

Want healthier eating habits? Start with a workout ... read more
January 30, 2019
Researchers have found that formerly sedentary young adults who were instructed to exercise regularly for several weeks started choosing healthier foods without being asked to.

Drug shows promise to treat diet-induced osteoarthritis ... read more
January 30, 2019
Scientists have found that a drug derived from omega-3 fatty acids can reduce osteoarthritis inflammation that's been caused by a high-fat diet.

Oversized meals have been shown to be a factor in obesity ... read more
January 29, 2019
A study conducted in Brazil, China, Finland, Ghana, India and the United States found 94 percent of meals served in restaurants contain more than the recommended number of calories.

Faster weight loss no better than slow weight loss for health benefits ... read more
January 29, 2019
Losing weight slowly or quickly won't tip the scale in your favor when it comes to overall health, according to new research. Health researchers found that people who lose weight quickly versus those who lose it slowly don't get any additional health benefits and it's the amount of weight lost overall that can have an impact.

Bad cholesterol: 'Slim down' fat-carrying particles to reduce its spread ... read more
January 28, 2019
The enzyme that 'loads up' fat-carrying particles in the liver before they are transported around the body has been identified for the first time.

Slim people have a genetic advantage when it comes to maintaining their weight ... read more
January 24, 2019
In the largest study of its kind to date, researchers have looked at why some people manage to stay thin while others gain weight easily. They have found that the genetic dice are loaded in favor of thin people and against those at the obese end of the spectrum.

Lower-carbon diets aren't just good for the planet, they're also healthier ... read more
January 24, 2019
Researchers have examined the carbon footprint of daily diets from a survey of more than 16,000 Americans. They found that the most climate-friendly diets were also the healthiest.

Those with inadequate access to food likely to suffer from obesity ... read more
January 23, 2019
Researchers have assessed the link between food-related hardships and obesity. Using a national sample of adults across the United States, the researchers learned that individuals who are food insecure are at an increased risk of obesity. Study results also showed that the individuals who live in food deserts are at an elevated risk for obesity.

Diet low in added sugars significantly improves fatty liver disease in children ... read more
January 22, 2019
A randomized clinical study of adolescent boys with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) found that a diet low in free sugars (those sugars added to foods and beverages and occurring naturally in fruit juices) resulted in significant improvement in NAFLD compared to a usual diet.

Salad, soda and socioeconomic status: Mapping a social determinant of health in Seattle ... read more
January 17, 2019
Seattle residents who live in waterfront neighborhoods tend to have healthier diets compared to those who live along Interstate-5 and Aurora Avenue, according to new research on social disparities. The study used local data to model food consumption patterns by city block. Weekly servings of salad and soda served as proxies for diet quality.

Blocking hormone uptake burns more fat ... read more
January 17, 2019
A newly discovered regulatory mechanism helps the body control the rate of fat metabolism, according to a new study. The finding may lead to new drugs to help burn stored fat and reduce weight.

Gastric bypass surgery may benefit muscle strength more than previously thought ... read more
January 16, 2019
Gastric bypass surgery improves relative muscle strength and physical performance in people with obesity, according to a new study.

Personality type could shape attitudes toward body weight of others, researchers say ... read more
January 15, 2019
Researchers found that personality traits have significant bearing on a person's attitudes toward obesity, their implicit theories of weight and their willingness to engage in derisive fat talk or weight discrimination.

Health effects of metabolic 'magic bullet' protein ... read more
January 15, 2019
Researchers have developed a new system that lets them study in more detail than ever exactly how, where and when the metabolic protein AMPK carries out its molecular and therapeutic functions.

Epigenetic change causes fruit fly babies to inherit diet-induced heart disease ... read more
January 15, 2019
Scientists have identified an epigenetic marker and two genes that caused heart failure in the children and grandchildren of fruit flies with high-fat-diet-induced heart dysfunction. Reversing the epigenetic modification or over-expressing the two genes protected subsequent generations from the negative heart effects of their parents' diet.

Memory of last meal influences when, how much rats eat next ... read more
January 14, 2019
Researchers have identified cells in the brains of male rats that appear to control future food intake by preserving memories of past meals. The study lends support to the idea of boosting meal memories as a strategy for managing overeating.

When the body's in overdrive, this liver hormone puts the brakes on metabolism ... read more
January 14, 2019
Researchers have identified a hormone produced by the liver that tells the body to downshift its metabolism when it's expending a lot of energy.

VAT fat may cause pathogenic obesity ... read more
January 11, 2019
VAT, Visceral Adipose Tissue, a kind of fat that accumulates around the abdominal organs, has an important immune function. The body may choose to turn excess fat into FAT not SAT, subcutaneous fat when a fetus is not well nourished and is likely to face disease.

High intake of dietary fiber and whole grains associated with reduced risk of non-communicable diseases ... read more
January 10, 2019
Observational studies and clinical trials conducted over nearly 40 years reveal the health benefits of eating at least 25g to 29g or more of dietary fiber a day, according to a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.


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