National Childhood Obesity Foundation®

Childhood Obesity
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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

Body weight has surprising, alarming impact on brain function ... read more
August 5, 2020
As a person's weight goes up, all regions of the brain go down in activity and blood flow, according to a new brain imaging study.

Scientists discover the switch that makes human brown fat burn energy ... read more
August 5, 2020
The receptor responsible for activating the energy-burning property of brown fat in humans has been identified. The next step is to investigate drugs that fit the receptor and trigger the response as a means to treat obesity and type-2 diabetes.

Plant-based diets shown to lower blood pressure even with limited meat and dairy ... read more
July 24, 2020
Consuming a plant-based diet can lower blood pressure even if small amounts of meat and dairy are consumed too, according to new research.

Pizza study shows body copes surprisingly well with one-off calorie indulgence ... read more
July 24, 2020
Young men can eat twice as much food as they need to feel 'full', research shows.

How neurons reshape inside body fat to boost its calorie-burning capacity ... read more
July 22, 2020
Scientists have found that a hormone tells the brain to dramatically restructure neurons embedded in fat tissue. Their work widens our understanding of how the body regulates its energy consumption, and how obesity might be treated in the future.

Increased blood sugar levels may decrease benefits of aerobic exercise ... read more
July 20, 2020
Some benefits of aerobic exercise may be dampened by higher-than-normal blood sugar levels, a condition known as hyperglycemia. These diminished gains are seen in mouse models and humans with chronic hyperglycemia that is in the 'prediabetes' range.

High-fat diet with antibiotic use linked to gut inflammation ... read more
July 15, 2020
Researchers have found that combining a Western-style high-fat diet with antibiotic use significantly increases the risk of developing pre- inflammatory bowel disease. This combination shuts down the mitochondria in cells of the colon lining, leading to gut inflammation. Mesalazine can help restart the mitochondria and treat pre-IBD condition.

How long should you fast for weight loss? ... read more
July 15, 2020
Two daily fasting diets, also known as time-restricted feeding diets, are effective for weight loss, according to a new study. The study reported results from a clinical trial that compared a 4-hour time-restricted feeding diet and a 6-hour time-restricted feeding diet to a control group.

Obesity and metabolic syndrome are risk factors for severe influenza, COVID-19 ... read more
July 15, 2020
Metabolic syndrome increases the risk of severe disease from viral infection, according to a new review.

New, remote weight-loss method helped slash pounds ... read more
July 14, 2020
A new remote weight-loss program, called Opt-IN, provides maximum weight loss for the lowest cost and with much less hassle than the gold-standard National Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), the most successful behavioral non-drug treatment currently available.

Healthier school food and physical activity environments matter for childhood obesity ... read more
July 8, 2020
Students at elementary and secondary schools that offer healthier food offerings and more opportunities for physical activities have a healthier body mass index, according to researchers. The study, published in Preventive Medicine Reports, uses professional measures of students' height and weight -- the gold standard for studying childhood obesity -- in a study on the effects of a school's food offerings and physical activity environment.

Bacteria in infants' first stool may indicate their risk of obesity ... read more
July 8, 2020
Meconium--the earliest stool of an infant -- is composed of materials ingested during the time the infant spends in the uterus. A new study found that the types of normal bacteria found in the meconium may predict an infant's likelihood of later developing obesity.

Diet and familial hypercholesterolemia ... read more
July 6, 2020
People diagnosed with familial hypercholesterolemia have long been instructed to minimize their consumption of saturated fats to lower cholesterol and reduce their risks of heart disease. But a new study found no evidence to support those claims.

A vaccine targeting aged cells mitigates metabolic disorders in obese mice ... read more
June 30, 2020
Researchers developed a novel vaccine that removes senescent T cells from adipose tissues. They showed that vaccinated obese mice had improved glucose tolerance and insulin resistance without showing severe adverse events. These findings could help develop a novel therapeutic tool.

Common food additive causes adverse health effects in mice ... read more
June 25, 2020
A common food additive, recently banned in France but allowed in the US and many other countries, was found to significantly alter gut microbiota in mice, causing inflammation in the colon and changes in protein expression in the liver, according to new research.

Urine test reveals quality of your diet -- and whether it's the best fit for your body ... read more
June 22, 2020
Scientists have completed large-scale tests on a new type of five-minute urine test that measures the health of a person's diet, and produces an individual's unique urine 'fingerprint'.

Vegetarians tend to be slimmer and less extroverted than meat eaters, study finds ... read more
June 15, 2020
The less animal products someone consumes, the lower his body mass index on average and the less he tends to be extroverted. A connection with depressive moods as other studies had found could not be confirmed.

New approach to turning on the heat in energy-burning fat cells ... read more
June 12, 2020
Researchers have discovered a new set of signals that cells send and receive to prompt one type of fat cell to convert fat into heat. The signaling pathway, discovered in mice, has potential implications for activating this same type of thermogenic fat in humans.

Breastfeeding helps counteracts BMI gain in children at high risk for obesity ... read more
June 11, 2020
For people whose genes put them at risk of becoming obese, exclusive breastfeeding as a baby can help ward off weight gain later in life.

People who eat a late dinner may gain weight ... read more
June 11, 2020
Eating a late dinner may contribute to weight gain and high blood sugar, according to a small study.

Essential components of dietary restriction revealed ... read more
June 9, 2020
Studies have provided a new understanding into the roles two essential amino acids play in metabolic health, which may help scientists in the fight against obesity.

'Fat burning' molecule has implications for treatment of obesity ... read more
June 8, 2020
Scientists have recently identified a small mitochondrial uncoupler, named BAM15, that decreases the body fat mass of mice without affecting food intake and muscle mass or increasing body temperature.

COVID-19 lockdowns worsen childhood obesity, study finds ... read more
June 3, 2020
Lockdowns implemented across the world due to the COVID-19 pandemic have negatively impacted diet, sleep and physical activity among children with obesity, according to new research.

An imbalance of electrons in the liver may be a common risk factor for disease ... read more
May 28, 2020
Researchers have uncovered an unexpected connection between an imbalance of electrons in liver cells and many metabolic problems that increase the risk for conditions such as cardiovascular disease and fatty liver disease.

Adding a blend of spices to a meal may help lower inflammation ... read more
May 21, 2020
Researchers found that adding six grams of spices to a meal high in fat and carbohydrates resulted in lower inflammation markers hours later.

Scientists identify gene linked to thinness that may help resist weight gain ... read more
May 21, 2020
Researchers used a genetic database of more than 47,000 people in Estonia to identify a gene linked to thinness that may play a role in resisting weight gain in metabolically healthy thin people. They show that knocking out this gene results in thinner flies and mice and find that expression of it in the brain may be involved in regulating energy expenditure.

Inspiring stories from women like themselves helped these moms improve their diet ... read more
May 20, 2020
When researchers asked prospective study participants who they would like to see in videos promoting healthy lifestyle behaviors, the answer was unequivocal: They wanted to see themselves -- that is, other mothers living in low-income households who were overweight or obese. The researchers obliged. And the intervention they designed produced the desired results when it came to improving participants' diet.

Obesity not related to how close you live to fast food or gyms ... read more
May 20, 2020
A new study has shown no correlation between obesity and how close you live to fast food restaurants or gyms. Studies from other countries have previously indicated that these factors may be important in adult obesity.

Foolproof new test to track the fats we eat ... read more
May 15, 2020
A team of researchers has developed a reliable and accurate blood test to track individual fat intake, a tool that could guide public health policy on healthy eating.

Repurposed drug helps obese mice lose weight, improve metabolic function ... read more
May 14, 2020
An off-label experiment in mice using disulfiram, which has been used to treat alcohol use disorder for more than 50 years, consistently normalized body weight and reversed metabolic damage in obese middle-aged mice of both sexes.

Coffee linked to lower body fat in women ... read more
May 13, 2020
Women who drink two or three cups of coffee a day have been found to have lower total body and abdominal fat than those who drink less, according to a new study.

How the body makes triglycerides ... read more
May 13, 2020
Researchers discovered the 3D structure and mode of action of DGAT1, the enzyme that synthesizes triglycerides.

Our ability to focus may falter after eating one meal high in saturated fat ... read more
May 12, 2020
Fatty food may feel like a friend during these troubled times, but new research suggests that eating just one meal high in saturated fat can hinder our ability to concentrate -- not great news for people whose diets have gone south while they're working at home during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Revealing links between education and a good diet ... read more
May 7, 2020
Educational status appears to have positive influence on a healthy diet, particularly in low income countries, according to new research examining European nutritional data.

Viruses from feces can help combat obesity and diabetes ... read more
May 4, 2020
Fecal transplants are currently used to treat certain types of antibiotic-resistant diarrhea and has also been attempted to treat e.g. inflammatory bowel disease. A new study suggests that transplanted intestinal contents could also be effective against obesity and type 2 diabetes. By transplanting feces without bacteria obese mice on a high-fat diet significantly decreased weight gain and normalized their glucose tolerance.

Reduced obesity for weighted-vest wearers ... read more
April 30, 2020
Scientists have found a new method of reducing human body weight and fat mass using weighted vests. The new study indicates that there is something comparable to built-in bathroom scales that contributes to keeping our body weight and, by the same token, fat mass constant.

Higher thrombus risk in men with obesity in adolescence ... read more
April 29, 2020
Men with a history of obesity in their late teens are, in adult life are more at risk of a blood clot (thrombus) in a leg or lung, according to a new study. The risk rises successively and is highest in those who were severely obese in adolescence.

Childhood obesity and high blood pressure warn of future heart disease ... read more
April 28, 2020
A large study in adolescents and children, some as young as 3 years of age, shows a link between obesity, high blood pressure, and later damage to blood vessels.

People with brown fat may burn 15% more calories ... read more
April 28, 2020
Short-term cold exposure may help people with brown fat burn 15% more calories than those without, according to a small study.

Traffic officer protein governs speed of sugar/fat conversion pathway ... read more
April 24, 2020
Scientists have identified a protein sensor that restricts how much sugar and fat our cells convert into energy during periods of starvation. It is possible, the scientists say, that the sensor could be fine-tuned to prompt more sugar and fat conversion in people with metabolic conditions.

Brain insulin sensitivity determines body weight and fat distribution ... read more
April 24, 2020
Just where fat is deposited in the body and to what degree a person may benefit from a lifestyle intervention depends on how sensitive the brain is to insulin. If the person's brain responds sensitively to the hormone, a significant amount of weight can be lost and unhealthy visceral fat. People with brain insulin resistance only showed a slight weight loss. These are the results of a long-term study.

An obesity protein discovery may lead to better treatments ... read more
April 23, 2020
By determining the structure of a key receptor in obesity, scientists have unlocked an opportunity for the development of new drugs.

Dietary counselling introduced in infancy leads to better cardiovascular health in adults ... read more
April 23, 2020
Scientists investigated the long-term effects of dietary counseling on cardiovascular health. The individuals, who had participated in the trial between ages 7 months and 20 years, were invited to a follow-up study at the age of 26. The results show that the intervention group who received dietary counseling had lower serum cholesterol level and better insulin sensitivity than those in the control group.

Specialized nerve cells increase the appetite for high-fat foods ... read more
April 22, 2020
Fat activates nociceptin neurons in the hypothalamus of mice.

Link between obesity and sleep loss ... read more
April 22, 2020
Can staying up late make you fat? Researchers found the opposite to be true when they studied sleep in worms: It's not the sleep loss that leads to obesity, but rather that excess weight can cause poor sleep.

Scents regulate fat storage without affecting eating behavior ... read more
April 16, 2020
Researchers discovered that, in the lab worm C. elegans, certain scents dynamically regulate fat mobilization by interacting with specific olfactory neurons through specific receptors.

Obesity is a critical risk factor for type 2 diabetes, regardless of genetics ... read more
April 15, 2020
Obesity increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by at least 6 times, regardless of genetic predisposition to the disease.

Researchers describe possible mechanism for link between obesity and breast cancer ... read more
April 13, 2020
It is widely accepted that higher levels of body fat increase the risk of developing breast cancer, as well as other cancers. A new article proposes a unique theory that a protein secreted by fat cells drives the development of breast cancer.

Potential early biomarker to track development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease ... read more
April 6, 2020
Research has uncovered a biomarker in humans tied to the development of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease that might help doctors detect early stages of the disease. The researchers also determined that this biomarker, a protein known as 'neuronal regeneration related protein' (or NREP), plays a significant role in the regulation of a pathway that is currently being reviewed in clinical trials as a treatment option for the disease.

Brown fat can burn energy in an unexpected way ... read more
April 6, 2020
Researchers have discovered an unexpected biological pathway by which brown fat cells can translate energy into heat.

Larger thighs associated with lower risk of heart disease in obesity ... read more
April 4, 2020
A larger thigh circumference may be associated with lower blood pressure and a reduced risk of heart disease in people with obesity, according to a new study. In overweight and obese Chinese men and women, larger thigh circumferences were associated with lower blood pressure. These findings suggest that carrying more weight on the thighs may be a marker of better heart health in Chinese obese and overweight people, who are at a greater risk of heart disease.

COVID-19 pandemic may exacerbate childhood obesity ... read more
April 3, 2020
Public health scientists predict that school closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic will exacerbate the epidemic of childhood obesity in the United States. Researchers expect that COVID-19-related school closures will double out-of-school time this year for many children in the US and will exacerbate risk factors for weight gain associated with summer recess.

Opioid prescriptions linked to obesity ... read more
April 2, 2020
Two new studies shed light on the relationship between obesity and the use of prescription opioids in the United States.

Most diets lead to weight loss and lower blood pressure, but effects largely disappear after a year ... read more
April 1, 2020
Reasonably good evidence suggests that most diets result in similar modest weight loss and improvements in cardiovascular risk factors over a period of six months, compared with a usual diet.

Infants introduced early to solid foods show gut bacteria changes that may portend future health risks ... read more
March 31, 2020
Infants who were started on solid foods at or before three months of age showed changes in the levels of gut bacteria and bacterial byproducts, called short-chain fatty acids, measured in their stool samples, according to a new study.

Poor fitness may impede long-term success in weight loss program ... read more
March 31, 2020
People who are very out of shape when they begin a behavioral weight loss program lose less weight in the long term than those who are more fit, suggests a new study.

Extract from seeds of the Melinjo tree may improve obesity and diabetes ... read more
March 23, 2020
In Southeast Asia, the fruit, flowers, and leaves of Indonesia's 'Melinjo' tree are traditional foods. Researchers who study plants from around the world for useful medicinal properties have found that Melinjo seed extract (MSE) stimulates the production of adiponectin, a beneficial hormone that improves obesity and diabetes. They also discovered that individual genotype differences were responsible for variations in its efficacy.

Removing belly fat before it sticks to you ... read more
March 19, 2020
Researchers are producing in the lab a human protein tasked with removing triglycerides from the blood stream. Unlocking the secrets of human protein APOA 5 gives us a leg up in treating heart disease.

Too much sugar leads to early death, but not due to obesity ... read more
March 19, 2020
Sugar-rich diets have a negative impact on health independent of obesity. Researchers discovered that the shortened survival of fruit flies fed a sugar-rich diet is not the result of their diabetic-like metabolic issues. The findings instead suggest that early death from excess sugar is related to the build-up of a natural waste product, uric acid.

Parental diet affects sperm and health of future offspring ... read more
March 19, 2020
When parents eat low-protein or high-fat diets it can lead to metabolic disorders in their adult offspring. Now, an international team has identified a key player and the molecular events underlying this phenomenon in mice.


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