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Childhood Obesity
News Articles on the Web

Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

COVID-19 pandemic may exacerbate childhood obesity ... read more
April 3, 2020
Public health scientists predict that school closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic will exacerbate the epidemic of childhood obesity in the United States. Researchers expect that COVID-19-related school closures will double out-of-school time this year for many children in the US and will exacerbate risk factors for weight gain associated with summer recess.

Infants introduced early to solid foods show gut bacteria changes that may portend future health risks ... read more
March 31, 2020
Infants who were started on solid foods at or before three months of age showed changes in the levels of gut bacteria and bacterial byproducts, called short-chain fatty acids, measured in their stool samples, according to a new study.

Extract from seeds of the Melinjo tree may improve obesity and diabetes ... read more
March 23, 2020
In Southeast Asia, the fruit, flowers, and leaves of Indonesia's 'Melinjo' tree are traditional foods. Researchers who study plants from around the world for useful medicinal properties have found that Melinjo seed extract (MSE) stimulates the production of adiponectin, a beneficial hormone that improves obesity and diabetes. They also discovered that individual genotype differences were responsible for variations in its efficacy.

Removing belly fat before it sticks to you ... read more
March 19, 2020
Researchers are producing in the lab a human protein tasked with removing triglycerides from the blood stream. Unlocking the secrets of human protein APOA 5 gives us a leg up in treating heart disease.

Too much sugar leads to early death, but not due to obesity ... read more
March 19, 2020
Sugar-rich diets have a negative impact on health independent of obesity. Researchers discovered that the shortened survival of fruit flies fed a sugar-rich diet is not the result of their diabetic-like metabolic issues. The findings instead suggest that early death from excess sugar is related to the build-up of a natural waste product, uric acid.

Parental diet affects sperm and health of future offspring ... read more
March 19, 2020
When parents eat low-protein or high-fat diets it can lead to metabolic disorders in their adult offspring. Now, an international team has identified a key player and the molecular events underlying this phenomenon in mice.

Childhood obesity linked to higher risk of anxiety, depression and premature death ... read more
March 18, 2020
Two new studies underscore health risks associated with childhood obesity. Children with obesity have a three times higher risk of mortality in early adulthood compared with children in the general population and are more likely to suffer from anxiety and depression.

Protein controls fat metabolism ... read more
March 17, 2020
A protein in the cell envelope influences the rate of fatty acid uptake in cells. This process also appears to be altered in overweight people.

Evidence clearly favors taxing sugary drinks ... read more
March 13, 2020
New Zealand should follow the UK and more than 30 other countries in introducing a tax on sugary drinks to tackle obesity and reduce deaths from chronic diseases, leading researchers say.

Solving obesity: Could manipulating microbes offer an alternative to weight loss surgery? ... read more
March 13, 2020
Already considered a global epidemic, human obesity continues to be on the rise. According to the Centers for Disease Control, more than 40% of the U.S. population is considered obese. As interest and understanding of the human microbiome increases, researchers are increasingly looking to the gut for answers that can lead to new, more effective diagnostics and therapies.

Newly discovered brain response to obesity drug may inform future treatments ... read more
March 4, 2020
The FDA-approved drug liraglutide has been shown to help obese patients lose weight by suppressing their appetite. However, where and how the drug acts in the brain was not fully understood, until now. A new preclinical study shows how liraglutide crosses the brain's blood barrier to engage with a region of the brainstem known as the nucleus tractus solitarius, which is responsible for balancing food intake and energy expenditure.

Molecule found in oranges could reduce obesity and prevent heart disease and diabetes ... read more
March 3, 2020
Researchers are studying a molecule found in sweet oranges and tangerines called nobiletin, which they have shown to drastically reduce obesity and reverse its negative side-effects. But why it works remains a mystery.

Resolving bitter debate over low-cal sweeteners ... read more
March 3, 2020
A new study showed that people who periodically drank beverages with the low-calorie sweetener sucralose, which is found in low-cal soft drinks, candy, breakfast bars, and other products, did experience problematic metabolic and neural responses -- but only when a carbohydrate in the form of a tasteless sugar was added to the drink. In contrast, people drinking beverages with low-calorie sweeteners alone, or beverages with real sugar, showed no changes in brain or metabolic response to sugars.

Visceral fat delivers signal to the brain that hurts cognition ... read more
March 3, 2020
Excessive weight around our middle gives our brain's resident immune cells heavy exposure to a signal that turns them against us, setting in motion a crescendo of inflammation that damages cognition, scientists say.

When should you eat to manage your weight? Breakfast, not late-night snacks ... read more
February 28, 2020
The balance between weight gain and weight gain loss is predominantly determined by what you eat, how much you eat, and by how much exercise you get. But another important factor is often neglected... it's not just how many calories you eat, but WHEN you eat them that will determine how well you burn those calories.

Eating a vegetarian diet rich in nuts, vegetables, soy linked to lower stroke risk ... read more
February 28, 2020
People who eat a vegetarian diet rich in nuts, vegetables and soy may have a lower risk of stroke than people who eat a diet that includes meat and fish, according to a new study.

How caloric restriction prevents negative effects of aging in cells ... read more
February 27, 2020
A new study provides the most detailed report to date of the cellular effects of a calorie-restricted diet in rats. While the benefits of caloric restriction have long been known, the new results show how this restriction can protect against aging in cellular pathways.

Possible new treatment strategy for fatty liver disease ... read more
February 26, 2020
Researchers have identified a molecular pathway that when silenced could restore the normal function of immune cells in people with fatty liver disease. The findings could lead to new strategies for treating the condition, which is a major health risk for people with obesity.

Sex-specific traits of the immune system explain men's susceptibility to obesity ... read more
February 26, 2020
Researchers have uncovered important differences between the male and female immune system which may explain why men are more susceptible to obesity and metabolism-related associated diseases, such as heart disease, stroke and diabetes. It has long been known that men are more likely than women to develop unhealthy obesity and related metabolic diseases, while women are more prone to certain autoimmune diseases such as arthritis. These findings suggested the male and female immune systems differ, but until now scientists weren't sure how.

The effects of obesity mirror those of aging ... read more
February 25, 2020
R esearchers argue that obesity should be considered premature aging. They look at how obesity predisposes people to acquiring the kinds of potentially life-altering or life-threatening diseases normally seen in older individuals: compromised genomes, weakened immune systems, decreased cognition, increased chances of developing type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, cardiovascular disease, cancer and other illnesses.

Mediterranean diet ingredient may extend life ... read more
February 21, 2020
Researchers discover a potential new way in which diet influences aging-related diseases.

People who eat a big breakfast may burn twice as many calories ... read more
February 19, 2020
Eating a big breakfast rather than a large dinner may prevent obesity and high blood sugar, according to new research.

Western diet rich in fat and sugar linked to skin inflammation ... read more
February 18, 2020
Dietary components, rather than obesity itself, may lead to skin inflammation and the development of psoriasis, a study has found.

Insufficient evidence backing herbal medicines for weight loss ... read more
February 18, 2020
Researchers have conducted the first global review of herbal medicines for weight loss in 19 years, finding insufficient evidence to recommend any current treatments.

Mediterranean diet for one year promotes gut bacteria linked to 'healthy aging' ... read more
February 17, 2020
Eating a Mediterranean diet for a year boosts the types of gut bacteria linked to 'healthy' ageing, while reducing those associated with harmful inflammation in older people, indicates a five-country study.

The skinny on why poor sleep may increase heart risk in women ... read more
February 17, 2020
A new study suggests that for women, poor sleep could contribute to unhealthy food choices, increasing the risk of obesity and heart disease.

Fast food intake leads to weight gain in preschoolers ... read more
February 14, 2020
There is a strong link between the amount of fast food that pre-school age children consume and their likelihood of becoming overweight or obese, according to a new study.

Green tea extract combined with exercise reduces fatty liver disease in mice ... read more
February 14, 2020
The combination of green tea extract and exercise reduced the severity of obesity-related fatty liver disease by 75% in mice fed a high-fat diet, according to researchers, whose recent study may point to a potential health strategy for people.

If pregnant women use cosmetics containing parabens, this may have consequences ... read more
February 12, 2020
Parabens are used as preservatives in cosmetics. If pregnant women use cosmetics containing parabens that remain on the skin for protracted periods, this may have consequences for their child's subsequent weight development.

Clostridioides difficile infection flourishes with a high-protein, high-fat diet ... read more
February 11, 2020
Mice fed a high-fat, high-protein diet were more likely to develop and die from antibiotic-driven Clostridioides difficile infections than mice fed a standard diet. In the same study, a high-carbohydrate diet was protective against severe C. difficile infection -- but the researchers suspect that such a diet could produce healthy, asymptomatic carriers that can spread the pathogen.

Natural compound in vegetables helps fight fatty liver disease ... read more
February 7, 2020
A new study shows how a natural compound found in cruciferous vegetables can also be used to fight fatty liver disease.

Physical activity is good for your appetite, too ... read more
February 3, 2020
Researchers found exercise to be a protective factor in a study where participants in a weight loss program, who were following a reduced-calorie diet, engaged in exercise in their real-world environments.

Low-calorie sweeteners do not mean low risk for infants ... read more
January 29, 2020
Researchers discovered consuming low-calorie sweeteners like aspartame and stevia while pregnant increased body fat in their offspring and disrupted their gut microbiota.

With high fiber diets, more protein may mean more bloating ... read more
January 27, 2020
People who eat high fiber diets are more likely to experience bloating if their high fiber diet is protein-rich as compared to carbohydrate-rich, according to a study.

Keto diet works best in small doses, mouse study finds ... read more
January 27, 2020
A ketogenic diet -- which provides 99 percent of calories from fat and only 1 percent from carbohydrates -- produces health benefits in the short term, but negative effects after about a week, researchers found in a study of mice.

Weight loss and health improvements with Mediterranean, fasting & Paleo diets ... read more
January 23, 2020
There were some weight loss and health benefits for overweight adults who followed the Mediterranean, Intermittent Fasting and Paleo diets, though adherence to the diets dropped off considerably during the one-year study, new research shows.

High-protein diets boost artery-clogging plaque, mouse study shows ... read more
January 23, 2020
High-protein diets may help people lose weight and build muscle, but a new study in mice suggests they have a down side: They lead to more plaque in the arteries. Further, the new research shows that high-protein diets spur unstable plaque -- the kind most prone to rupturing and causing blocked arteries. More plaque buildup in the arteries, particularly if it's unstable, increases the risk of heart attack.

Top strategies for successful weight loss maintenance ... read more
January 23, 2020
Some of the most effective behaviors and psychological strategies reported by those maintaining their weight loss included choosing healthy food, tracking what you eat and using positive self-talk, according to a new study.

New study debunks notion that salt consumption contributes to weight loss ... read more
January 22, 2020
Researchers found that reducing sodium intake in adults with elevated blood pressure or hypertension decreased thirst, urine volume and blood pressure, but did not affect metabolic energy needs. These results support the traditional notion that decreasing sodium intake is critical to managing hypertension -- disputing recent studies.

Becoming less active and gaining weight: Downsides of becoming an adult ... read more
January 20, 2020
Leaving school and getting a job both lead to a drop in the amount of physical activity, while becoming a mother is linked to increased weight gain, conclude two reviews.

Neuron found in mice could have implications for effective diet drugs ... read more
January 17, 2020
A CALCR cell found in mice may stop feeding without subsequential nauseating effects, as well as influence the long term intake of food.

Walnuts may be good for the gut and help promote heart health ... read more
January 16, 2020
Researchers found that eating walnuts daily as part of a healthy diet was associated with increases in certain bacteria that can help promote health. Additionally, those changes in gut bacteria were associated with improvements in some risk factors for heart disease.

Drinking 1% rather than 2% milk accounts for 4.5 years of less aging in adults ... read more
January 15, 2020
A new study shows drinking low-fat milk -- both nonfat and 1% milk -- is significantly associated with less aging in adults.

Silica particles may lead to new treatments for obesity and diabetes ... read more
January 14, 2020
Engineered ingestible molecular traps created from mesoporous silica particles (MSPs) introduced to the gut can have an effect on food efficiency and metabolic risk factors. The results from studies on mice demonstrate the potential to reduce the energy uptake into the body and could lead to new treatments for obesity and diabetes.

Global diets are converging, with benefits and problems ... read more
January 14, 2020
Research has shown that diets are changing in complex ways worldwide. International food supply patterns are supporting healthier diets in parts of the world, but causing underweight and obesity elsewhere. They are also having important effects on environmental sustainability, with potentially worrying consequences.

Losing tongue fat improves sleep apnea ... read more
January 10, 2020
Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to measure the effect of weight loss on the upper airway in obese patients, researchers found that reducing tongue fat is a primary factor in lessening the severity of OSA.

Molecular 'doormen' open the way to potential obesity treatment ... read more
January 10, 2020
Fat cells are filled with droplets coated by molecules that act like hotel doormen: These 'doormen' control cellular access for nutrients as well as for the exit of energy-supplying molecules called lipids. In healthy individuals, outgoing and incoming traffic in fat cells is finely balanced, supplying energy while preventing excessive spread of undesirable fat in the belly.

Gene network helps to turn white fat into beneficial calorie-burning fat ... read more
January 9, 2020
1.9 billion people in the world are overweight. Of these, 650 million people are obese, which increases the risk of secondary diseases such as cancer. Scientists have now examined how our fat metabolism affects our health. The team has uncovered a network of genes that could turn energy-storing fat into beneficial calorie-burning fat.

Need to control blood sugar? There's a drink for that ... read more
January 7, 2020
With more people with diabetes and pre-diabetes looking for novel strategies to help control blood sugar, new research suggests that ketone monoester drinks -- a popular new food supplement -- may help do exactly that.

Processed foods highly correlated with obesity epidemic in the US ... read more
January 6, 2020
A review article highlights the correlation between highly processed foods and increased prevalence of obesity in the United States.

Half of women with heart failure get the wrong treatment ... read more
January 6, 2020
As many as 50 per cent of women suffering from cardiac arrest are given insufficient treatment, because the heart failure was not caused by a heart attack.

Study finds dopamine, biological clock link to snacking, overeating and obesity ... read more
January 3, 2020
A new study finds that the pleasure center of the brain and the brain's biological clock are linked, and that high-calorie foods -- which bring pleasure -- disrupt normal feeding schedules, resulting in overconsumption.

Combining neurologic and blood pressure drugs reduces breast tumor development in mice ... read more
December 31, 2019
Adding a medication used to treat epilepsy, bipolar disorder and migraines to a blood pressure medicine reversed some aspects of breast cancer in the offspring of mice at high risk of the disease because of the high fat diet fed to their mothers during pregnancy. Conversely, this treatment combination increased breast cancer development in the offspring whose mothers had not been fed a high fat diet during pregnancy.

Children who drank whole milk had lower risk of being overweight or obese ... read more
December 30, 2019
Researchers analyzed 28 studies from seven countries that explored the relationship between children drinking cow's milk and the risk of being overweight or obese.

Diet has rapid effects on sperm quality ... read more
December 27, 2019
Sperm are influenced by diet, and the effects arise rapidly. This is the conclusion of a new study in which healthy young men were fed a diet rich in sugar. The study gives new insight into the function of sperm, and may in the long term contribute to new diagnostic methods to measure sperm quality.

Intermittent fasting: Live 'fast,' live longer? ... read more
December 26, 2019
For many people, the New Year is a time to adopt new habits as a renewed commitment to personal health. Newly enthusiastic fitness buffs pack into gyms and grocery stores are filled with shoppers eager to try out new diets.

Fewer fats over the festive season may be the perfect formula for men's fertility ... read more
December 23, 2019
A diet low in fat and high in egg whites could be the key to boosting male fertility according to a new pilot study.

Moms' obesity in pregnancy is linked to lag in sons' development and IQ ... read more
December 23, 2019
A mother's obesity in pregnancy can affect her child's development years down the road, according to researchers who found lagging motor skills in preschoolers and lower IQ in middle childhood for boys whose mothers were severely overweight while pregnant. At age 7, the boys whose mothers were overweight or obese in pregnancy had scores 5 or more points lower on full-scale IQ tests. No effect was found in the girls.

Caffeine may offset some health risks of diets high in fat, sugar ... read more
December 20, 2019
In a study of rats, scientists found that caffeine limited weight gain and cholesterol production, despite a diet that was high in fat and sugar.

Close to half of US population projected to have obesity by 2030 ... read more
December 18, 2019
Researchers predict a marked rise in American adults with obesity or severe obesity in ten years. Severe obesity -- once a rare condition -- is projected to be the most common BMI category in 10 states and in some demographic subgroups.

 


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