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Childhood Obesity
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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

AI abdominal fat measure predicts heart attack and stroke ... read more
December 2, 2020
Automated deep learning analysis of abdominal CT images produces a more precise measurement of body composition and predicts major cardiovascular events, such as heart attack and stroke, better than overall weight or body mass index (BMI).

Lab results don't explain 'obesity paradox,' but bias may ... read more
December 1, 2020
Results of standard laboratory tests performed on adult outpatients to provide an overall picture of their health are fairly consistent between those with obesity and their leaner counterparts, investigators report.

Esports: Fit gamers challenge ‘fat’ stereotype ... read more
November 30, 2020
A new survey of 1400 participants from 65 countries has found esports players are up to 21 per cent healthier weight than the general population, hardly smoke and also drink less.

Obesity is not only the individual's responsibility ... read more
November 25, 2020
Analysis of survey results has revealed that in women, obesity is linked to various social and economic factors. In addition, this study is the first in Japan to illuminate the connection between abuse during childhood and obesity in adulthood. These results highlight the importance of taking these factors into account when implementing policies to tackle obesity.

Gut hormones' regulation of fat production abnormal in obesity, fatty liver disease ... read more
November 25, 2020
Gut hormones play an important role in regulating fat production in the body. One key hormone, released a few hours after eating, turns off fat production by regulating gene expression in the liver, but this regulation is abnormal in obesity, researchers found in a new study.

Research shows bariatric surgery may reduce severity of COVID-19 in patients with obesity ... read more
November 25, 2020
A new study shows that among patients who have obesity and who tested positive for COVID-19, a past history of bariatric surgery was significantly associated with a lower risk of hospital and intensive care unit admission.

Eating dried fruit may be linked with better diet quality and health markers ... read more
November 24, 2020
New research found that people who ate dried fruit were generally healthier than those who did not, and on days when people ate dried fruit they consumed greater amounts of some key nutrients than on days when they skipped. However, they also found that people consumed more total calories on days when they ate dried fruit.

Hormone found to switch off hunger could help tackle obesity ... read more
November 24, 2020
A hormone that can suppress food intake and increase the feeling of fullness in mice has shown similar results in humans and non-human primates, says a new study.

Antimicrobial soap additive worsens fatty liver disease in mice ... read more
November 24, 2020
Triclosan, an antimicrobial found in many soaps and other household items, worsens fatty liver disease in mice fed a high-fat diet.

Popular weight-loss surgery in teenagers weakens bones ... read more
November 24, 2020
A common weight loss surgery for adolescents with obesity called sleeve gastrectomy has harmful effects on bones, according to a new study.

Vegans, vegetarians and pescetarians may be at higher risk of bone fractures ... read more
November 23, 2020
Compared with people who ate meat, vegans with lower calcium and protein intakes on average, had a 43 percent higher risk of fractures anywhere in the body (total fractures), as well as higher risks of site-specific fractures of the hips, legs and vertebrae, according to a new study.

Age is no barrier to successful weight loss ... read more
November 20, 2020
Obese patients over the age of 60 can lose an equivalent amount of weight as younger people using only lifestyle changes, according to a new study that demonstrates that age is no barrier to losing weight.

Are high-protein total diet replacements the key to maintaining healthy weight? ... read more
November 18, 2020
The results of a new study suggest that high-protein total diet replacements are a promising nutritional strategy to combat rising rates of obesity. In particular, the study provides further evidence that diets with a higher proportion of protein might offer a metabolic advantage compared to a diet consisting of the same number of calories, but with a lower proportion of protein.

Mediterranean diet helps reduce effects of stress in animal model ... read more
November 16, 2020
Even before the pandemic and the presidential election, Americans reported some of the highest perceived levels of stress in the world, according to the American Psychological Association. Not only does stress have negative effects on work and personal relationships, it also increases the risk of many chronic conditions, such as heart disease and Alzheimer's disease, and is associated with higher mortality rates.

Cardiovascular factors: Effects on COVID-19 risk ... read more
November 16, 2020
A new study uses a novel approach to investigate the effects of cardiovascular risk factors on the risk of COVID-19 infection.

Dieting and weight worries on rise in teens ... read more
November 16, 2020
Significantly higher numbers of Generation Z boys and girls in the UK are dieting to lose weight, and are likely to overestimate their own weight, finds a new study.

Veganism: Vitamin B12 is well supplemented, iodine is a matter of concern ... read more
November 10, 2020
Those following a vegan diet have an increased risk of iodine deficiency.

Diet and lifestyle during pregnancy linked to modifications in infants' DNA ... read more
November 9, 2020
A new study has shown pregnant women with obesity could reduce the health risks for their infants through improved diet and more physical activity.

Poor nutrition in school years may have created 20 cm height gap across nations ... read more
November 5, 2020
A new global analysis has assessed the height and weight of school-aged children and adolescents across the world. The study revealed that school-aged children's height and weight, which are indicators of their health and quality of their diet, vary enormously.

Gene in mice controls food cravings, desire to exercise ... read more
November 5, 2020
National Institutes of Health researchers have discovered a gene in mice that controls the craving for fatty and sugary foods and the desire to exercise. The gene, Prkar2a, is highly expressed in the habenula, a tiny brain region involved in responses to pain, stress, anxiety, sleep and reward. The findings could inform future research to prevent obesity and its accompanying risks for cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

Western diet impairs odor-related learning and olfactory memory in mice ... read more
November 4, 2020
Problems with the sense of smell appear to be an early indicator of cognitive decline in people with type 2 diabetes. However, it's unknown whether factors such as diet and obesity play a role in who develops these symptoms. Now, researchers have found that mice fed a moderate-fat, high-sugar chow (simulating a Western diet) showed a faster decline in their ability to learn and remember new odors.

Avoiding inflammatory foods can lower heart disease, stroke risk ... read more
November 2, 2020
Diets high in red and processed meat, refined grains and sugary beverages, which have been associated with increased inflammation in the body, can increase subsequent risk of heart disease and stroke compared to diets filled with anti-inflammatory foods. A separate study assessed the positive effects eating walnuts, an anti-inflammatory food, had on decreasing inflammation and heart disease risk.

High-sugar diet can damage the gut, intensifying risk for colitis ... read more
October 29, 2020
Mice fed diets high in sugar developed worse colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and researchers examining their large intestines found more of the bacteria that can damage the gut's protective mucus layer.

Weight-reduction surgery for severely obese adults may prevent second heart attack, death ... read more
October 26, 2020
Adults with severe obesity (BMI greater than 35) and a prior heart attack who undergo weight-reduction surgery may lower their risk of a second heart attack, major cardiovascular event, heart failure and death. The effect weight-reduction surgery had on the patients' weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and A1C (a Type 2 diabetes marker) seems to play a role in decreasing the risk of heart attack and death.

Obesity and disease tied to dramatic dietary changes ... read more
October 21, 2020
The 'mismatch hypothesis' argues that our bodies evolved to digest the foods that our ancestors ate, and that human bodies will struggle and largely fail to metabolize a radically new set of foods. This intuitive idea is hard to test directly, but the Turkana, a pastoralist population in remote Kenya, present a natural experiment: genetically homogenous populations whose diets stretch across a lifestyle gradient from relatively 'matched' to extremely 'mismatched' with their recent evolutionary history.

Vitamin A boosts fat burning in cold conditions ... read more
October 21, 2020
A recent study shows that cold ambient temperatures increase vitamin A levels in humans and mice. This helps convert 'bad' white adipose tissue into 'good' brown adipose tissue which stimulates fat burning and heat generation.

Big babies could be at higher risk of common heart rhythm disorder in adulthood ... read more
October 19, 2020
Elevated birth weight is linked with developing atrial fibrillation later in life, according to new research.

Teen brain differences linked to increased waist circumference ... read more
October 13, 2020
Differences in the microstructure of the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), a region in the brain that plays an important role in processing food and other reward stimuli, predict increases in indicators of obesity in children, according to a new study.

Television advertising limits can reduce childhood obesity, study concludes ... read more
October 13, 2020
Limiting the hours of television advertising for foods and beverages high in fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) could make a meaningful contribution to reducing childhood obesity, according to a new study.

Inflammatory gene provides clue to obesity risk ... read more
September 29, 2020
A gene that helps to control inflammation increases the risk of obesity and could be turned off in mice to stop weight gain, a study has found.

Genetic risk of developing obesity is driven by variants that affect the brain ... read more
September 29, 2020
Some people are at higher risk of developing obesity because they possess genetic variants that affect how the brain processes sensory information and regulates feeding and behavior. The findings support a growing body of evidence that obesity is a disease whose roots are in the brain.

Genetic differences in body fat shape men and women's health risks ... read more
September 28, 2020
New findings about body fat help explain the differing health risks men and women face - and set the stage for better, more targeted treatments.

World first study links obesity with reduced brain plasticity ... read more
September 24, 2020
A world-first study has found that severely overweight people are less likely to be able to re-wire their brains and find new neural pathways, a discovery that has significant implications for people recovering from a stroke or brain injury.

Does a healthy diet counter the ill-effects of obesity? ... read more
September 17, 2020
A healthy quality Mediterranean-like diet partially modifies the association between obesity and cardiovascular mortality, according to a new study.

Time-restricted feeding improves health without altering the body's core clock ... read more
September 17, 2020
For the first time, scientists have studied the early effects of time-restricted feeding on the daily periodic oscillations of metabolites and genes in muscle, and metabolites in blood. The findings find that time-restricted feeding does not influence the muscle's core clock, and opens the door to more research on how these observed changes improve health.

A ferry protein in the pancreas protects it from the stress induced by a high-fat diet ... read more
September 16, 2020
Scientists have now uncovered a key mechanism by which pancreatic function is maintained in response to a high-fat diet. A protein present in pancreatic insulin-producing cells protects them from damage under the stress induced by a high-fat diet. As the world increases its intake of high-fat foods and as type 2 diabetes incidence rises as a result, this protein could be a novel therapeutic target for type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Factors inherent to obesity could increase vulnerability to COVID-19 ... read more
September 16, 2020
Conditions related to obesity, including inflammation and leaky gut, leave the lungs of obese patients more susceptible to COVID-19 and may explain why they are more likely to die from the disease, scientists say. They suggest that drugs used to lower inflammation in the lungs could prove beneficial to obese patients with the disease.

Healthy diet and exercise during pregnancy could lead to healthier children ... read more
September 11, 2020
New research shows improving the lifestyle of women with obesity during pregnancy could mean long-term cardiovascular benefits for their children.

Fatter legs linked to reduced risk of high blood pressure ... read more
September 10, 2020
Adults with a higher percentage of fat tissue in their legs were less likely than those with a lower percentage to have high blood pressure. Research findings held true even after adjusting for age, sex, race and ethnicity, education, smoking, alcohol use, cholesterol levels and waist fat, although to a lesser degree.

Does the Mediterranean diet protect against rheumatoid arthritis? ... read more
September 10, 2020
Previous research has demonstrated a variety of health benefits associated with the Mediterranean diet, which is rich in olive oil, cereals, fruit and vegetables, fish, and a moderate amount of dairy, meat, and wine. Now results suggest that the diet may also help prevent rheumatoid arthritis in individuals who smoke or used to smoke.

Probiotics may help manage childhood obesity ... read more
September 7, 2020
Probiotics may help children and adolescents with obesity lose weight when taken alongside a calorie-controlled diet, according to a new study. The study found that obese children who were put on a calorie-restricted diet and given probiotics Bifidobacterium breve BR03 and Bifidobacterium breve B632, lost more weight and had improved insulin sensitivity compared with children on a diet only.

Offspring of mice fed imbalanced diets shown to be neurologically 'programmed' for obesity ... read more
September 4, 2020
Pregnant mice fed diets high in omega-6 fats and low in omega-3 fats are shown in a new study to produce offspring whose brains had a higher level of dopamine-producing neurons -- the neurological reward system. These mice went on to chase hyper-caloric diets, suggesting that the fats in a pregnant mother's diet may control the eating habits of her children, and potentially offering a new obesity-prevention strategy.

Obesity may alter immune system response to COVID-19 ... read more
September 3, 2020
Obesity may cause a hyperactive immune system response to COVID-19 infection that makes it difficult to fight off the virus, according to a new paper.

Body mass index is a more powerful risk factor for diabetes than genetics ... read more
August 31, 2020
Losing weight could prevent or even reverse diabetes, according to new research.

Infants in households with very low food security may have greater obesity risk ... read more
August 28, 2020
Infants from households reporting very low 'food security,' a measure of access to adequate and healthy meals, tend to weigh more than those from households with relatively high food security.

Following 'Eatwell Guide' diet could reduce your risk of dying early and lower your environmental footprint ... read more
August 26, 2020
Adhering to Public Health England's 'Eatwell Guide' of a balanced diet could reduce your chance of dying prematurely and lower your environmental footprint, according to a new study.

Transplanted brown-fat-like cells hold promise for obesity and diabetes ... read more
August 26, 2020
A potential therapy for obesity would transplant HUMBLE (human brown-like) fat cells, human white fat cells that have been genetically modified using CRISPR to become similar to heat-generating brown fat cells.

Obesity linked with higher risk for COVID-19 complications ... read more
August 26, 2020
From COVID-19 risk to recovery, the odds are stacked against those with obesity, and a new study raises concerns about the impact of obesity on the effectiveness of a future COVID-19 vaccine.

No safe level of caffeine consumption for pregnant women and would-be mothers ... read more
August 24, 2020
Women who are pregnant or trying to conceive should be advised to avoid caffeine because the evidence suggests that maternal caffeine consumption is associated with negative pregnancy outcomes and that there is no safe level of consumption, finds an analysis of observational studies.

Study focuses on low-carb, high-fat diet effect on older populations ... read more
August 20, 2020
Medical researchers noted improvements in body composition, fat distribution and metabolic health in response to an eight-week very low-carbohydrate diet. Older adults with obesity are at particularly high risk of developing cardiometabolic disease such as Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Rather than total fat mass, deposition of fat in certain areas, such as the abdominal cavity and skeletal muscle, may confer this greatest risk of disease development.

Relationship between COVID-19 deaths and morbid obesity ... read more
August 20, 2020
The prevalence of morbid obesity in a population is associated with negative outcomes from COVID-19, according to a new analysis of morbid obesity data and reported COVID-19 deaths in the United States.

Generic public health messages work best at shifting dietary behaviors ... read more
August 20, 2020
A new health economics study warns that health information which offers specific advice tailored to individuals can inadvertently often backfire.

How protein protects against fatty liver ... read more
August 18, 2020
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common chronic liver disease in the world, with sometimes life-threatening consequences. A high-protein, calorie-reduced diet can cause the harmful liver fat to melt away -- more effectively than a low-protein diet. A new study shows which molecular and physiological processes are potentially involved.

More fructose in diet during pregnancy impacts metabolism of offspring, animal study finds ... read more
August 18, 2020
An increased level of fructose intake during pregnancy can cause significant changes in maternal metabolic function and milk composition and alter the metabolism of their offspring, according to research in guinea pigs.

Long-term exposure to traffic noise may impact weight gain in the UK population ... read more
August 17, 2020
A new study has found a connection between traffic noise and obesity. Long-term exposure to road traffic noise, such as living near a motorway or on a busy road, was associated with an increase in body mass index and waist circumference, which are key markers of obesity.

Weight between young adulthood and midlife linked to early mortality ... read more
August 14, 2020
A new study finds that changes in weight between young adulthood and midlife may have important consequences for a person's risk of early death.

Strict diet explains metabolic effect of gastric bypass surgery ... read more
August 13, 2020
In many studies, bariatric surgery has been highlighted as an almost magical method for weight loss and reversing type 2 diabetes. One question that has remained largely unanswered is how the effect of surgery differs from the effects of a strict low-calorie diet.

Plant-based 'meats' improve some cardiovascular risk factors compared with red meat ... read more
August 11, 2020
Swapping out red meat for certain plant-based meat alternatives can improve some cardiovascular risk factors, according to a new study.

Excess weight among pregnant women may interfere with child's developing brain ... read more
August 11, 2020
Obesity in expectant mothers may hinder the development of the babies' brains as early as the second trimester, a new study finds.

Body weight has surprising, alarming impact on brain function ... read more
August 5, 2020
As a person's weight goes up, all regions of the brain go down in activity and blood flow, according to a new brain imaging study.


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