National Childhood Obesity Foundation®

Childhood Obesity
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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

Gut fungi could play a role in obesity epidemic ... read more
October 11, 2017
A high-fat diet changes fungi in the gut and may play a role in the development of obesity, according to a new study. While gut microbes have previously been implicated in the development of obesity, this study shows that fungi may also play a role.

A specific protein regulates the burning of body fat to generate heat ... read more
October 11, 2017
Scientists have identified a protein that holds promise as a target for therapies to reduce obesity. They have demonstrated that MKK6 controls the conversion of fat stores, known as white fat, into brown fat, in which lipids are burned to maintain body temperature and reduce obesity.

World will have more obese children and adolescents than underweight by 2022 ... read more
October 10, 2017
The number of obese children and adolescents (aged 5 to 19 years) worldwide has risen tenfold in the past four decades, according to a new study. If current trends continue, more children and adolescents will be obese than moderately or severely underweight by 2022.

Fatty diet may boost risk of relapse in kids with multiple sclerosis, while high vegetable intake may halve risk ... read more
October 9, 2017
A fatty diet may boost the risk of a relapse in kids with multiple sclerosis (MS) by as much as 56 per cent, with saturated fat associated with a tripling in risk, suggests new research.

Making fat mice lean: Novel immune cells control neurons responsible for fat breakdown ... read more
October 9, 2017
The biological causes underlying obesity have been under intense scrutiny with studies suggesting a link between the nervous and the immune systems. Now, in a breakthrough study to be published in Nature Medicine on Oct. 9, a research team led by Ana Domingos, from Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, discovered an unforeseen population of immune cells associated with neurons that play a direct role in obesity.

Bariatric surgery lowers cancer risk for severely obese patients ... read more
October 5, 2017
Bariatric surgery lowers the risk of cancer for severely obese patients. The risks drop most for postmenopausal breast cancer, endometrial cancer, pancreatic cancer and colon cancer.

New findings on mechanisms for body temperature regulation by fat tissue ... read more
October 5, 2017
New discoveries about the mechanism responsible for heat generation in the body related to fat tissue oppose classical views in the field and could lead to new ways to fight metabolic disorders associated with obesity, according to a study.

Simplifying information aids fight against childhood obesity, study finds ... read more
October 5, 2017
Providing simplified health information designed for parents with low health literacy helps all families in childhood obesity treatment programs regardless of their ability to understand health information, according to a new study.

Too much sugar? Even 'healthy people' are at risk of developing heart disease ... read more
October 4, 2017
Healthy people who consume high levels of sugar are at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Possible therapeutic target for regulating body weight ... read more
October 4, 2017
A new study reveals a novel gene involved in maintaining body weight.

Night shift work linked to an increased risk of obesity ... read more
October 4, 2017
In an analysis of 28 published studies, night shift work was associated with a 29 percent increased risk of becoming obese or overweight.

Black tea may help with weight loss, too ... read more
October 4, 2017
Black tea may promote weight loss and other health benefits by changing bacteria in the gut, research indicates for the first time.

Skipping breakfast associated with hardening of the arteries ... read more
October 2, 2017
Skipping breakfast is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis, or the hardening and narrowing of arteries due to a build-up of plaque, according to research.

Study reveals molecular pathway of weight-controlling hormone ... read more
October 2, 2017
Scientists have revealed deep insights into the role that a little-understood human hormone plays in regulating body weight. Named Growth and Differentiation Factor 15 (GDF15), this hormone is typically active only when the body experiences acute or prolonged stress, including following exposure to tissue-damaging toxins, such as chemotherapy, or during chronic disease, such as obesity or cancer. As a result, the GDF15 pathway holds promise for the development of potential therapeutics for diseases of both excess and insufficient body weight.

Risks and rrecommendations for weight gain management in midlife women ... read more
October 2, 2017
A review of the weight gain risks and challenges faced by women in midlife has led researchers to a series of recommendations for this patient population.

GM soybean oil causes less obesity and insulin resistance but is harmful to liver function ... read more
October 2, 2017
Researchers have tested a genetically-modified soybean oil used in restaurants and found that while it induces less obesity and insulin resistance than conventional soybean oil, its effects on diabetes and fatty liver are similar to those of conventional soybean oil, the major vegetable cooking oil used in the United States, with popularity on the increase worldwide. The study also compares the GM soybean oil to coconut and olive oils.

Expectant mother’s elevated blood pressure raises child’s risk of obesity ... read more
September 27, 2017
When expectant mothers have elevated blood pressure during pregnancy, it may raise their children’s risk of developing childhood obesity.

Battling belly fat: Specialized immune cells impair metabolism in aging ... read more
September 27, 2017
Researchers have described how nervous systems and immune systems talk to each other to control metabolism and inflammation. Their finding furthers scientists' understanding of why older adults fail to burn stored belly fat, which raises the risk of chronic disease. The study also points to potential therapeutic approaches to target the problem, the researchers said.

Drug slows stomach emptying, may individualize obesity treatment, study shows ... read more
September 27, 2017
Liraglutide injection, a prescription medication used to treat type 2 diabetes and obesity is associated with marked slowing of stomach emptying and is an effective weight loss therapy, finds a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

Brain cells that control appetite identified for first time ... read more
September 27, 2017
Dieting could be revolutionized, thanks to the groundbreaking discovery of the key brain cells which control our appetite.

Weight loss for adults at any age leads to cost savings, study suggests ... read more
September 26, 2017
Helping an adult lose weight leads to significant cost savings at any age, with those savings peaking at age 50, suggests a new study.

Early odor exposure enhances response of smell cells ... read more
September 25, 2017
Mice exposed to scents of mint or fresh cut grass before and shortly after birth show increased responses in a specific population of odor-processing neurons to a variety of odors, according to new research. The study demonstrates how early experience shapes the brain's processing of the sense of smell.

Diet, in addition to alcohol consumption, may play important role in liver problems ... read more
September 25, 2017
A new study finds that mice bred to consume high amounts of alcohol, but controlled by diet, did not necessarily develop the most severe liver injuries, suggesting that diet may pay an important role in liver injury development.

Maternal diet could affect kids' brain reward circuitry ... read more
September 25, 2017
Researchers have found that rats who ate junk food during pregnancy had heavier pups that strongly preferred fat straight after weaning. However, a balanced diet in childhood seemed to reduce the pups' desire for fat. The pups also showed altered brain reward circuitry into adulthood. The findings could have implications for childhood nutrition and obesity in Western countries.

Exosomes are the missing link to insulin resistance in diabetes ... read more
September 21, 2017
Chronic tissue inflammation resulting from obesity is an underlying cause of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. But the mechanism by which this occurs has remained cloaked, until now. In a new paper, researchers identified exosomes -- extremely small vesicles or sacs secreted from most cell types -- as the missing link.

Whole food diet may help prevent colon cancer, other chronic conditions ... read more
September 21, 2017
A diet that includes plenty of colorful vegetables and fruits may contain compounds that can stop colon cancer and inflammatory bowel diseases in pigs, according to an international team of researchers. Understanding how these compounds work on a molecular level could be an initial step toward finding treatments for people with cancer, they added.

Individualized diets for irritable bowel syndrome better than placebo ... read more
September 20, 2017
Patients with irritable bowel syndrome who follow individualized diets based on food sensitivity testing experience fewer symptoms, say researchers. Their study is among the first to provide scientific evidence for this medication-free approach to a debilitating condition.

Eating nuts can reduce weight gain, study finds ... read more
September 20, 2017
A five-year study that evaluated diet and lifestyle data from more than 373,000 individuals from 10 European countries between the ages of 25 and 70 says consuming nuts can reduce weight gain.

Antibiotics following C-section among obese women reduces risk of surgical infection ... read more
September 19, 2017
Among obese women undergoing cesarean delivery, a postoperative 48-hour course of antibiotics significantly decreased the rate of surgical site infection within 30 days after delivery, according to a study.

Taking a break from dieting may improve weight loss ... read more
September 18, 2017
Avoiding continuous dieting may be the key to losing weight and keeping the kilos off, the latest research shows. Researchers showed in a randomized controlled trial, that taking a two-week break during dieting may improve weight loss.

A fat-regulating enzyme could hold the key to obesity, diabetes, cancer, other diseases ... read more
September 18, 2017
It had already been known that the enzyme known as phosphatidic acid phosphatase plays a crucial role in regulating the amount of fat in the human body. Controlling it is therefore of interest in the fight against obesity. But scientists have now found that getting rid of the enzyme entirely can increase the risk of cancer, inflammation and other ills.

The body's own fat-metabolism protects against the harmful effects of sugar ... read more
September 15, 2017
Researchers have discovered that the fat-metabolism in the cells takes place simultaneously with a detoxification of the harmful substances from the blood sugar, which can avert the damage that can in turn lead to age-related diseases such as diabetes, Alzheimer's and cancer. This indicates that we have a detoxification system which we were not previously aware of.

Decreased glucose metabolism in medial prefrontal areas is associated with nutritional status in patients with prodromal and early Alzheimer's disease ... read more
September 15, 2017
A new study shows that hypometabolism in the medial prefrontal areas is specifically associated with Alzheimer's disease-related nutritional problems, and decrease in fat mass may have a key role.

Skin patch dissolves 'love handles' in mice ... read more
September 15, 2017
Researchers have developed a medicated skin patch that can turn energy-storing white fat into energy-burning brown fat locally while raising the body's metabolism. The patch could be used to burn off pockets of unwanted fat and treat metabolic disorders like obesity and diabetes.

Biomarkers in the blood prove strong role of food for type 2 diabetes ... read more
September 14, 2017
A pioneering method has demonstrated its potential in a large study, showing that metabolic fingerprints from blood samples could render important new knowledge on the connection between food and health. The study finds that diet is one of the strongest predictors of type 2 diabetes risk in older women.

Obese inducing brain mechanism ... read more
September 14, 2017
Medical researchers have demonstrated that the protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type J (PTPRJ) inhibits leptin signaling and that induction of PTPRJ in the hypothalamus is a cause of leptin resistance.

Body fat mass distribution: A possible explanation for lower diabetes risk associated with dairy food consumption ... read more
September 13, 2017
Scientists have examined how differences in body composition may be a possible explanation for why consumption of some dairy products may be associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes or cardiometabolic disorders.

Type 2 diabetes is a reversible condition ... read more
September 13, 2017
People with type 2 diabetes can reverse the condition through a low calorie diet.

Asthma symptoms can be improved by diet and exercise in non-obese patients ... read more
September 12, 2017
Non-obese people with asthma could reduce their symptoms and improve their quality of life through diet and exercise, according to new research.

Health benefits of olives and olive oil ... read more
September 12, 2017
A research team discovered that the olive-derived compound oleuropein helps prevent type 2 diabetes.

Why high-fiber diets do not always lead to weight loss ... read more
September 12, 2017
In the era of personalized nutrition, there might be value in getting your stool tested and your gut bacteria counted before starting on a new diet. The results can be used to predict whether a particular diet will work for you. This follows a study which shows that the increasingly popular fiber-rich 'New Nordic Diet' might not work for everyone.

Your stools reveal whether you can lose weight ... read more
September 12, 2017
Something as simple as a feces sample reveals whether you can lose weight by following dietary recommendations characterized by a high content of fruit, vegetables, fibers and whole grains, report scientists.

Body clock, gut microbiota work together to pack on the pounds, study shows ... read more
September 11, 2017
New clues have been uncovered about how gut bacteria and the body's circadian clock work together to promote body fat accumulation.

Abdominal fat a key cancer driver for postmenopausal women ... read more
September 10, 2017
Body fat distribution in the trunk is more important than body weight when it comes to cancer risk in postmenopausal women, according to a new study.

Immune cells help fat deal with environmental challenges ... read more
September 8, 2017
Immunosuppressive regulatory T-cells play an important role in the functioning of adipose tissue.

Later circadian timing of food intake is associated with increased body mass index ... read more
September 8, 2017
Investigators examine the relationships between body fat and body mass index, and the timing of food consumption, to time of day and to the body's circadian or body clock.

Mediterranean-style diet may eliminate need for reflux medications ... read more
September 7, 2017
A plant-based, Mediterranean-style diet has been shown to provide the same medical benefits for treating laryngopharyngeal reflux as popular reflux medications, according to new research.

Reducing endocannabinoid system's activity may help protect the kidney health of individuals with obesity ... read more
September 7, 2017
A new study provides insights on the mechanisms behind the development of kidney damage due to obesity. The findings point to a potential target for protecting the kidney health of individuals with obesity.

Trigger for fatty liver in obesity ... read more
September 7, 2017
Morbid obesity affects the liver: almost one-third of all adults suffer from chronic fatty liver disease, which can lead to infections and even trigger cancer. Researchers have now found a signaling pathway in cells that play an important role in the development of fatty liver disease.

Whole grains decrease colorectal cancer risk, processed meats increase the risk ... read more
September 7, 2017
Major new report finds strong evidence of links between lifestyle and colorectal cancer risk. Physical activity and whole grains lowers risk of this cancer; too much alcohol and red meat, processed meats and obesity increase the risk. An estimated 47 percent of US colorectal cancers could be prevented each year with lifestyle changes.

Health of more than half of US adults affected by obesity ... read more
September 6, 2017
Considering weight across the life course, the prevalence of obesity among adults in the US rises considerably, suggesting that the effects on population health may be even more pervasive than previously understood, according to a new study.

Late bedtime and lack of sleep lead to overweight children in China ... read more
September 6, 2017
Researchers have found that Chinese children who go to bed later and sleep less are more likely to be more overweight.

Genetic effects are influenced by lifestyle ... read more
September 6, 2017
The risk for developing obesity is influenced by our lifestyle as well as our genes. Researchers now show that our genetic risk for obesity is not static, but is influenced by our lifestyle.

Eat fat, live longer? ... read more
September 5, 2017
As more people live into their 80s and 90s, researchers have delved into the issues of health and quality of life during aging. A recent mouse study sheds light on those questions by demonstrating that a high fat, or ketogenic, diet not only increases longevity, but improves physical strength.

Physical activity can lead to difference in diet preferences between males, females ... read more
September 5, 2017
Approximately 90 percent of adult Americans fail to reach the US Department of Health guidelines for physical activity, which could be contributing to surging obesity rates. Now, new research suggests that physical activity can change diet preferences in males, but not in females -- an area that researchers say has not been thoroughly studied.

Boosting a lipid fuel makes mice less sensitive to the cold ... read more
September 5, 2017
Humans, like other animals, become more sensitive to cold with age. Now, scientists report that delivering a single dose of a nutritional supplement called L-carnitine to older mice restores a youthful ability to adapt to the cold. After treatment, they tolerate chilly conditions that would ordinarily trigger hypothermia. The supplement works by boosting levels of a newly discovered fuel source for brown fat, or “good fat”.

Adipose tissue may affect cancer development in multiple ways ... read more
September 1, 2017
Adipose tissue, or fat, may influence the development of cancer in diverse ways, depending on the type of fat and the location in the body.

Discovery may be key to obesity, Diabetes Rx ... read more
August 31, 2017
Research has demonstrated the potential of a protein to treat or prevent metabolic diseases including obesity and diabetes.

How dietary fats' impact healthy or obese adults ... read more
August 30, 2017
Metabolically healthy obese adults consuming a diet high in unsaturated fat and low in saturated fat may be able to decrease their total cholesterol by 10 points, a new study suggests. However, there was little research evidence to support current dietary recommendations that replacing saturated fat with unsaturated fat aids in weight loss, the researchers also reported.

Obesity prevention guidelines are not followed for preschool children ... read more
August 29, 2017
In a study of nearly 400 preschool children, only one child adhered to obesity prevention guidelines over the course of a single day at child care and at home.


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