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Childhood Obesity
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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

Federal snack program does not yield expected impacts ... read more
August 17, 2017
A research team examined the US Department of Agriculture's Smart Snacks in School regulation. The federal mandate was intended to replace unhealthy school snacks and beverages with more wholesome options, including fruits, vegetables, and packaged treats low in fat, sugar, and sodium.

College freshmen who weighed themselves daily lost body fat ... read more
August 17, 2017
A new study found that female college-aged students who reported at least one period of daily self-weighing over a two-year study saw a drop in their body mass index.

Brain chemical NPGL controls appetite and body fat composition: Beneficial for our ancestors; potential cause of obesity pandemic ... read more
August 17, 2017
NPGL, a recently discovered protein involved in brain signalling, has been found to increase fat storage by the body – even when on a low-calorie diet.

Energy dense foods may increase cancer risk regardless of obesity status ... read more
August 17, 2017
While there is a proven link between obesity and certain types of cancer, less is known about how the ratio of energy to food weight, otherwise known as dietary energy density (DED), contributes to cancer risk. To find out, researchers looked at DED in the diets of post-menopausal women and discovered that consuming high DED foods was tied to a 10 percent increase in obesity-related cancer among normal weight women.

'Fat but fit' are at increased risk of heart disease ... read more
August 15, 2017
Carrying extra weight could raise your risk of heart attack by more than a quarter, even if you are otherwise healthy.

Almonds may help boost cholesterol clean-up crew ... read more
August 11, 2017
Eating almonds on a regular basis may help boost levels of HDL cholesterol while simultaneously improving the way it removes cholesterol from the body, according to researchers.

A metabolic pathway that feeds liver cancer ... read more
August 10, 2017
A little-studied gene may explain how some liver cancer cells obtain the nutrition they need to proliferate, according to new research.

Aging is exacerbated by alterations of stem cell circadian rhythm ... read more
August 10, 2017
Two new studies refute the scientific dogma associating aging with the loss of stem cell circadian rhythm. The studies show that during aging, stem cells continue to show rhythmic activity but reprogram their circadian functions. The team also demonstrate that a low-calorie diet delays alterations in the rhythmic functions of stem cells and slows down ageing.

Weight loss surgery's effects on bone marrow fat and bone mass ... read more
August 9, 2017
Bone marrow fat is thought to regulate bone metabolism, and high levels of marrow fat are seen in states of low bone mass, severe underweight, and diabetes.

Limiting access to fast-food restaurants unlikely to reduce obesity ... read more
August 7, 2017
Living near fast-food restaurants and supermarkets has little impact on an individual's body mass index, according to new research. The researchers used results from the largest national study ever conducted of the connection between residential environments and BMI.

Fat rats show why breast cancer may be more aggressive in patients with obesity ... read more
August 7, 2017
In an animal model of obesity and breast cancer, tumor cells in obese animals but not lean animals had especially sensitive androgen receptors, allowing these cells to magnify growth signals from the hormone testosterone.

Of mice and cheeseburgers: Experimental drug reverses obesity-related liver disease ... read more
August 3, 2017
An experimental drug protected mice from one of the many ills of our cheeseburger and milkshake-laden Western diet -- non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The drug reversed liver inflammation, injury and scarring in animals fed a high fat, sugar and cholesterol diet. The diet was designed to replicate the Western fast food diet and recreate the features of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease found in people. The research team plans further testing to move it into human trials.

Gene therapy via skin could treat many diseases, even obesity ... read more
August 3, 2017
Scientist have now overcome challenges that have limited the use of gene therapy. They demonstrate how their novel approach with skin transplantation could enable a wide range of gene-based therapies to treat human diseases. The researchers provide 'proof-of-concept,' treating mice with two common related human ailments: type-2 diabetes and obesity.

Fat shaming in the doctor's office can be mentally and physically harmful ... read more
August 3, 2017
Medical discrimination based on people's size and negative stereotypes of overweight people can take a toll on people's physical health and well-being, according to a recent review.

It's not just what you eat, it's what's eating you ... read more
August 2, 2017
Restricting how much you eat without starving has been shown to robustly extend lifespan in more than 20 species of animals including primates. How this works is still unclear. A new study shows that it's not just what or how much you eat that matters. Smelling food in addition to consuming calories could influence the aging process. And, what's 'eating' you or more specifically your cells may provide clues to healthy aging.

Obesity linked to better outcomes following heart procedures: Confirmed ... read more
August 2, 2017
Research has confirmed a link between elevated body mass index (BMI) and patients having better survival outcomes following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI).

Risk of a fatty heart linked to race, type of weight gain in middle-aged women ... read more
August 2, 2017
A woman's race and where on her body she packs on pounds at midlife could give her doctor valuable clues to her likelihood of having greater volumes of heart fat, a potential risk factor for heart disease, according to new research.

Characteristics of metabolically unhealthy lean people ... read more
August 1, 2017
Compared to people who are of normal weight and metabolically healthy, subjects who are of normal weight but metabolically unhealthy have a three-fold higher risk of mortality and/or cardiovascular events. Scientists have now addressed characteristics determining metabolic health in lean, overweight and obese people, showed that a reduced accumulation of fat in the lower body puts lean people at risk and highlighted implications of their findings for personalized prevention and treatment of cardiometabolic diseases.

Enzyme that protects cells from toxic fat identified ... read more
August 1, 2017
A new study sheds light on how a key fat-producing enzyme helps protect cells from a toxic form of fat.

Brain 'switch' tells body to burn fat after a meal ... read more
August 1, 2017
Scientists have found a mechanism by which the brain coordinates feeding with energy expenditure, solving a puzzle that has previously eluded researchers and offering a potential novel target for the treatment of obesity.

Insufficient sleep may be adding to your waistline ... read more
July 31, 2017
Adults in the UK who have poor sleep patterns are more likely to be overweight and obese and have poorer metabolic health, according to a new study.

Babies of overweight, obese, or diabetic mothers have an increased risk of lung problems ... read more
July 31, 2017
Babies born to women who are overweight, obese or have diabetes during their pregnancy have less mature lungs than babies of normal weight pregnancies.

New tactic to curb obesity: Address physician bias ... read more
July 31, 2017
An educational initiative is reducing medical students' negative attitudes toward people with obesity, a finding researchers hope will translate into better outcomes for patients struggling with weight, according to new research.

Exposure to violence and obesity linked in teens ... read more
July 31, 2017
Teens consumed more unhealthy foods and beverages on days they were exposed to violence, and suffered from fatigue due to poor sleep the following day, according to a new study. Those behaviors, especially increased soda consumption, are important predictors of weight gain.

Exercise in early life has long-lasting benefits ... read more
July 31, 2017
The researchers found that bone retains a "memory" of exercise's effects long after the exercise is ceased, and this bone memory continues to change the way the body metabolizes a high-fat diet.

Dulled taste may prompt more calories on path to obesity ... read more
July 28, 2017
Food scientists have found that people with a diminished ability to taste food choose sweeter -- and likely higher-calorie -- fare. This could put people on the path to gaining weight.

Hunger-controlling brain cells may offer path for new obesity drugs ... read more
July 28, 2017
Scientists identified two new populations of cells in the brain that potently regulate appetite. The two types of cells, located in a part of the brainstem called the dorsal raphe nucleus, are potential targets for new drugs to treat obesity by controlling the hunger signals that drive the search for and consumption of food.

Green tea ingredient may ameliorate memory impairment, brain insulin resistance, and obesity ... read more
July 28, 2017
A new study involving mice, suggests that EGCG (epigallocatechin-3-gallate), the most abundant catechin and biologically active component in green tea, could alleviate high-fat and high-fructose (HFFD)-induced insulin resistance and cognitive impairment.

Walnuts may promote health by changing gut bacteria ... read more
July 28, 2017
A new study has found that walnuts in the diet change the makeup of bacteria in the gut, which suggests a new way walnuts may contribute to better health.

Opting for weight-loss surgery at lower BMIs may be best for patients' health ... read more
July 26, 2017
The struggle to escape obesity is pointing more Americans toward bariatric surgery. But a new study shows that only one in three patients who have an operation succeed in getting their body-mass index below 30, the cutoff for obesity, in the first year. The odds were better for those who had surgery while they were still below a 'morbid obesity' BMI of 40.

Delaying bariatric surgery until higher weight may result in poorer outcomes ... read more
July 26, 2017
Obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery were more like to achieve a body mass index (BMI) of less than 30 one year after surgery if they had a BMI of less than 40 before surgery, according to a study.

Diet quality matters not just quantity in mid-to-late-adulthood ... read more
July 26, 2017
A new study has investigated the impact of diet quality in mid-to-late-adulthood on visceral and liver fat not solely relying on Body Mass Index (BMI). Four different measures of diet quality were used to evaluate dietary intake of the multiethnic population over a twenty-year span. Maintaining a high quality diet during mid-to-late adulthood may prevent adverse metabolic consequences related to visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL).

Mediterranean-style diets linked to better brain function in older adults ... read more
July 25, 2017
Eating foods included in two healthy diets -- the Mediterranean or the MIND diet -- is linked to a lower risk for memory difficulties in older adults, according to a new study.

A new path toward preventing obesity ... read more
July 24, 2017
People who experience unpredictable childhoods face a higher risk of becoming obese as adults, new research concludes.

Scientists propose novel therapy to lessen risk of obesity-linked disease ... read more
July 24, 2017
With obesity related illnesses a global pandemic, researchers propose using a blood thinner to target molecular drivers of chronic metabolic inflammation in people eating high-fat diets to limit weight gain and disease.

Study finds 90 percent of American men overfat ... read more
July 24, 2017
Researchers reported earlier this year in the journal Frontiers of Public Health that up to 76 percent of the world's population may be overfat. Now these same researchers have focused their efforts on data from 30 of the top developed countries, with even more alarming findings that up to 90 percent of adult males and 50 percent of children may be overfat.

Weight in adolescence may affect colorectal cancer risk ... read more
July 24, 2017
A new study has uncovered a link between being overweight or obese in adolescence and an increased risk of developing colon cancer in adulthood. Obesity was also associated with an elevated risk of developing rectal cancer.

AAP counsels pediatricians to focus on clusters of cardiometabolic risk factors to help obese kids ... read more
July 24, 2017
Since frameworks used to identify adults at heightened risk for such complications are a poor fit for kids, the American Academy of Pediatrics now recommends that pediatricians instead focus on clusters of cardiometabolic risk factors that are associated with obesity.

High-fat diet in pregnancy can cause mental health problems in offspring ... read more
July 21, 2017
A high-fat diet during pregnancy alters the development of the brain and endocrine system of offspring, new research in an animal model suggests. The new study links an unhealthy diet during pregnancy to mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression in children.

Why sugary drinks and protein-rich meals don't go well together ... read more
July 21, 2017
Having a sugar-sweetened drink with a high-protein meal may negatively affect energy balance, alter food preferences and cause the body to store more fat.

Using a pig model to study chronic diseases may help minimize drug failure rate ... read more
July 20, 2017
Scientists may be able to minimize the failure rate of drugs for diseases linked to high-calorie diets, such as colon cancer and type 2 diabetes, if they test treatments using a pig model, according to an international team of researchers.

Nutrition advice aimed at children also improves parents' diets ... read more
July 20, 2017
Nutrition advice aimed at children also improves parents' diets, according to new research.

Moderate exercise and dieting reduces risk of Cesarean section and diabetes in pregnancy ... read more
July 19, 2017
Pregnant women who have a healthy diet and regular moderate exercise are less likely to have a caesarean section, gain excessive weight, or develop diabetes in pregnancy, according to a new study.

Obese patients don't need to lose weight before total joint replacement, study finds ... read more
July 19, 2017
There's good news for overweight people with painfully arthritic hips and knees: A new study finds that obese patients who underwent knee or hip replacement surgery reported virtually the same pain relief and improved function as normal-weight joint replacement patients six months after surgery.

Pre-pregnancy obesity increases risk for neurocognitive problems in premature babies ... read more
July 18, 2017
Children born extremely premature to women who are overweight or obese before the pregnancy are at an increased risk for low scores on tests of intelligence and cognitive processes that influence self-regulation and control, according to researchers.

Young adult obesity: A neglected, yet essential focus to reverse the obesity epidemic ... read more
July 18, 2017
The overall burden of the US obesity epidemic continues to require new thinking, argues an expert in a new report.

Optimal methods for administering children's medications ... read more
July 18, 2017
New research aims to help solve the problem of dose optimization of children's medicines.

New combination of anti-obesity drugs may have beneficial effects ... read more
July 18, 2017
New research has revealed that a unique combination of hormone-based drugs can produce enhanced weight loss in laboratory tests with obese animals.

Does exercise facilitate body weight control? The answer may depend on sex ... read more
July 18, 2017
Healthcare practitioners regularly prescribe diet and exercise as a method for patients to lose weight. But exercise might not be equally effective in males and females, according to new research. In a study conducted in rats, researchers fed both male and female rats a high fat diet and then trained half of them to run on a treadmill.

Estrogen in the brain prevents obesity and glucose intolerance during menopause in lab animal study ... read more
July 18, 2017
Researchers have found that adding estrogen in the brain may improve health in obese females after menopause.

Benefits of gastric bypass surgery linked to changes in sweet taste preference ... read more
July 18, 2017
Worldwide, the number of patients struggling with obesity is rapidly increasing in both adults and children. Diet and exercise are the mainstays of treatment for obesity, but have limited effectiveness. While bariatric surgery can produce sustained and significant weight loss for most patients, not all patients experience similar benefits.

Not all plant-based diets are created equal ... read more
July 17, 2017
Plant-based diets are recommended to reduce the risk of heart disease; however, some plant-based diets are associated with a higher risk of heart disease, according to a new study.

Artificial sweeteners linked to risk of weight gain, heart disease and other health issues ... read more
July 17, 2017
Artificial sweeteners may be associated with long-term weight gain and increased risk of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease, according to a new study.

Maternal obesity during pregnancy may be linked to behavioral problems in boys ... read more
July 13, 2017
Maternal obesity and child neurodevelopmental problems have both increased in the US and scientists have suggested a possible link. A new study has found that the heavier mothers were when they entered pregnancy, the higher the risk of behavior problems for their sons. However, it did not show the same effects in girls.

Babies born big more likely to become obese as children, study finds ... read more
July 12, 2017
Infants born with a high birthweight are more likely to become obese as children, a new study suggests. By identifying at-risk infants early, doctors could work with parents to prevent weight gain and the health problems obesity brings.

House dust spurs growth of fat cells in lab tests ... read more
July 12, 2017
Poor diet and a lack of physical activity are major contributors to the world's obesity epidemic, but researchers have also identified common environmental pollutants that could play a role. Now one team reports that small amounts of house dust containing many of these compounds can spur fat cells to accumulate more triglycerides, or fat, in a lab dish.

Chronic liver inflammation linked to Western diet ... read more
July 12, 2017
A new study reports that mice fed a Western diet, which is high in fat and sugar, resulted in hepatic inflammation, especially in males. Moreover, liver inflammation was most pronounced in Western diet-fed male mice that also lacked farnesoid x receptor (FXR), a bile acid receptor.

USPSTF recommendation regarding behavioral counseling for cardiovascular disease prevention ... read more
July 11, 2017
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that primary care professionals individualize the decision to offer or refer adults without obesity who do not have high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol or blood sugar levels or diabetes to behavioral counseling to promote a healthful diet and physical activity. Existing evidence indicates a positive but small benefit of behavioral counseling for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in this population.

Age, obesity conspire to damage the tiny blood vessels that feed the heart, causing heart failure ... read more
July 10, 2017
Age and obesity appear to create a perfect storm that can reduce blood flow through the tiny blood vessels that directly feed our heart muscle and put us at risk for heart failure, scientists report.

Childhood obesity a major link to hip diseases ... read more
July 7, 2017
A strong link between childhood obesity and hip diseases in childhood has been revealed by a new research study.

 


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