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Childhood Obesity
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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

New link between gut bacteria and obesity ... read more
February 23, 2018
Researchers have discovered a new link between gut bacteria and obesity. They found that certain amino acids in our blood can be connected to both obesity and the composition of the gut microbiome.

Sweet, bitter, fat: Genetics play a role in kids' snacking patterns ... read more
February 22, 2018
The types of snacks a child chooses could be linked to genetics, a new study found. The study investigated whether genetic variants in taste receptors related to sweet, fat and bitter tastes influence the snacks preschoolers choose and found nearly 80 per cent carried at least one of these genotypes that could predispose them to poor snacking habits. These findings could help parents tailor their kids' diets based on their genetics of taste.

C-sections and gut bacteria increase risk of childhood obesity ... read more
February 22, 2018
New research has found that overweight and obese women are more like to have children who are overweight or obese by three years of age -- and that bacteria in the gut may be partially to blame.

Low-fat or low-carb? It's a draw, study finds ... read more
February 20, 2018
New evidence might dismay those who have chosen sides in the low-fat versus low-carb diet debate. Cutting either carbs or fats shaves off excess weight in about the same proportion, according to the study.

How a carb-restricted diet battles fatty liver disease ... read more
February 15, 2018
New details about how a carbohydrate-restricted diet improves metabolism were revealed in a new study which could lead to improved treatments for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).  

Loss of control eating and bariatric surgery success ... read more
February 15, 2018
Recent research examined the impact of eating behaviors on success rates related to bariatric surgery in adolescents.

Most parents don't believe their child's BMI report card ... read more
February 14, 2018
Fifty-three percent of parents who receive their child's body mass index (BMI) report card do not believe that it accurately categorizes their child as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese, according to new research.

PFASs, chemicals commonly found in environment, may interfere with body weight regulation ... read more
February 13, 2018
A class of chemicals used in many industrial and consumer products was linked with greater weight gain after dieting, particularly among women, according to a new study. The chemicals -- perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) -- have been linked with cancer, hormone disruption, immune dysfunction, high cholesterol, and obesity.

Pregnant women deficient in vitamin D may give birth to obese children ... read more
February 13, 2018
Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women could preprogram babies to grow into obese children and adults, according to a new study. Researchers found that 6-year-olds born to mothers with very low vitamin D levels during their first trimester had bigger waists -- about half an inch plumper on average -- than peers whose mothers had enough vitamin D in early pregnancy. These kids also had 2 percent more body fat.

The end of yo-yo dieting? Brain switch that controls fat burning uncovered ... read more
February 13, 2018
Scientists have discovered a molecular switch in the brain that regulates fat burning -- and could provide a way to control weight gain following dieting.

One or more soda a day could decrease chances of getting pregnant ... read more
February 13, 2018
A new study has found that the intake of one or more sugar-sweetened beverages per day -- by either partner -- is associated with a decreased chance of getting pregnant.

Palm oil in your Valentine's chocolate? Beware ... read more
February 13, 2018
A diet rich in saturated fat and sugar not only leads to obesity, it creates inflammation in the nucleus accumbens, a part of the brain that controls mood and the feeling of reward. And this inflammation can lead to depressive, anxious and compulsive behavior and disrupt  metabolism,according to a new study.

Obesity associated with longer survival for men with metastatic melanoma ... read more
February 12, 2018
Obese patients with metastatic melanoma who are treated with targeted or immune therapies live significantly longer than those with a normal body mass index (BMI), investigators report.

Slow eating speed may be linked to weight loss ... read more
February 12, 2018
Slowing down the speed at which you eat, along with cutting out after dinner snacks and not eating within two hours of going to sleep may all help to shed the pounds, suggests new research.

Study shows benefits of exercise can outweigh health effects of severe obesity ... read more
February 12, 2018
New study that shows physical activity may be equally and perhaps even more important than weight for people living with severe obesity.

Mouse study adds to evidence linking gut bacteria and obesity ... read more
February 12, 2018
A new study of mice with the rodent equivalent of metabolic syndrome has added to evidence that the intestinal microbiome -- a 'garden' of bacterial, viral and fungal genes -- plays a substantial role in the development of obesity and insulin resistance in mammals, including humans.

Obesity drives U.S. health care costs up by 29 percent, varies by state ... read more
February 8, 2018
Recent research provides new insights on how individual states are affected by the health care costs of obesity.

Enzyme plays a key role in calories burned both during obesity and dieting ... read more
February 8, 2018
Ever wonder why obese bodies burn less calories or why dieting often leads to a plateau in weight loss? In both cases the body is trying to defend its weight by regulating energy expenditure. In a new paper, researchers identify the enzyme TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) as a key player in the control of energy expenditure during both obesity and fasting.

Peptide improves glucose and insulin sensitivity, lowers weight in mice ... read more
February 8, 2018
Treating obese mice with catestatin (CST), a peptide naturally occurring in the body, showed significant improvement in glucose and insulin tolerance and reduced body weight, report researchers.

Schools alone cannot help to prevent childhood obesity, study finds ... read more
February 7, 2018
School-based healthy lifestyle interventions alone are not effective in the fight against childhood obesity, researchers have warned.

Inflammation in testes could explain link between obesity and reduced fertility ... read more
February 7, 2018
A new study suggests that chronic inflammation caused by obesity may harm the male genital tract, leading to lower fertility in obese men.

Simple molecule could prevent, alleviate pre-diabetes ... read more
February 7, 2018
Restoring levels of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ), a key molecule in energy production in cells, could overcome insulin resistance or pre-diabetes -- a precursor to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

How exercise training promotes a sound mind in a sound body ... read more
February 6, 2018
A new study shows that the same mechanisms behind the beneficial effects of exercise training on the brain also help to counteract fat and to strengthen the immune system. The results may ultimately give rise to new obesity and diabetes drugs.

Compounds derived from hops show promise for metabolic syndrome patients ... read more
February 5, 2018
A group of compounds derived from hops can likely improve cognitive and other functions in people with metabolic syndrome.

Crash diets can cause transient deterioration in heart function ... read more
February 2, 2018
Crash diets can cause a transient deterioration in heart function, according to new research. Patients with heart disease should seek medical advice before adopting a very low calorie diet.

Hunger overrides sense of fullness after weight loss ... read more
February 1, 2018
The levels of hormones that control hunger and fullness(satiety) both rise after weight loss, but individuals may only experience an increase in hunger, according to a new study.

Scientists identify weight loss ripple effect ... read more
February 1, 2018
Researchers have found that when one member of a couple commits to losing weight, the chances are good their partner will lose some weight too, even if they are not actively participating in a weight loss intervention.

Breastfeeding reduces hypertension risk ... read more
January 30, 2018
A new study indicates that women who breastfeed more children, and for longer periods of time, are less likely to suffer from hypertension after they reach menopause. This is less true of obese women, however.

Mediterranean diet may help women receiving IVF to achieve successful pregnancies ... read more
January 29, 2018
New research has found that women who follow a 'Mediterranean' diet in the six months before assisted reproductive treatment have a significantly better chance of becoming pregnant and giving birth to a live baby than women who did not.

MIND diet may slow cognitive decline in stroke survivors ... read more
January 26, 2018
A diet created by researchers may help substantially slow cognitive decline in stroke survivors, according to preliminary research. The finding are significant because stroke survivors are twice as likely to develop dementia compared to the general population.

Quality of children's sleep may affect eating habits and weight ... read more
January 26, 2018
Several measures of poor sleep quality were associated with higher body mass index (BMI) in children, according to new data.

High body fat levels associated with increased breast cancer risk in women with normal BMI ... read more
January 26, 2018
Among postmenopausal women with normal body mass index (BMI), those with higher body fat levels had an increased risk for invasive breast cancer.

Learning to make healthy choices can counter the effects of large portions ... read more
January 25, 2018
Researchers have found that after going through a training program designed to help people control portion sizes, participants still ate larger portions but chose healthier foods, lowering their calorie intake.

Low carbohydrate intake to increased risk of birth defects ... read more
January 25, 2018
Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant may want to avoid diets that reduce or eliminate carbohydrates, as they could increase the risk of having babies with neural tube birth defects, according to a new study.

Less than one in 100 stroke survivors meet heart health goals ... read more
January 24, 2018
Fewer than one in 100 stroke survivors meet all of Life's Simple 7 goals for ideal cardiovascular health identified by the American Heart Association. Moreover, the proportion who fail to meet almost all of the criteria is on the rise, according to preliminary research.

Dietary fiber protects against obesity and metabolic syndrome, study finds ... read more
January 22, 2018
Consumption of dietary fiber can prevent obesity, metabolic syndrome and adverse changes in the intestine by promoting growth of 'good' bacteria in the colon, according to a new study.

Powerful food-derived antioxidant can halt, prevent fatty liver disease in mice ... read more
January 22, 2018
As obesity continues to rise in the US, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a major public health issue, increasingly leading to cancer and liver transplants.

Prescription drug labels provide scant dosing guidance for obese kids ... read more
January 19, 2018
Despite the US Congress providing incentives to drug manufacturers to encourage the study of medications in children, few approved drugs include safe dosing information for obese kids.

Paleolithic diet healthier for overweight women ... read more
January 18, 2018
Overweight women after menopause who eat a Paleolithic diet can maintain weight loss in the long term. The levels of risk factors of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases also decrease.

Low fitness is associated with larger waist size and higher degree of inflammation ... read more
January 17, 2018
Low fitness is associated with a larger waist size and a higher degree of inflammation, according to a new study.

Morbid obesity: Gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy are comparable ... read more
January 17, 2018
In Switzerland, 5,500 operations to combat morbid obesity are conducted every year. Gastric bypasses and sleeve gastrectomy operations perform similarly: patients lose two-thirds of their excess weight in the long term. When it comes to gastric acid reflux, the bypass clearly shows better results.

Bariatric surgery prolongs lifespan in obese ... read more
January 16, 2018
Obese, middle-age men and women who had bariatric surgery have half the death rate of those who had traditional medical treatment over a 10-year period, reports a study that answers questions about the long-term risk of the surgery. Previous studies looking at this question were indefinite because follow-up data was limited due to high costs and patients dropping out.

Bile acids fire up fat burning ... read more
January 16, 2018
Scientists have discovered a novel role for bile acids: converting energy-storing white fat depots into energy-expending beige fat.

Rising obesity rates in US south leading to rapid increase in diabetes cases ... read more
January 16, 2018
Rising obesity rates in several Southern US states are leading to a rapid increase in new cases of diabetes among both black and white adults. A new study found the risk of diabetes is double for black patients.

Teens likely to crave junk food after watching TV ads ... read more
January 15, 2018
Teenagers who watch more than three hours of commercial TV a day are more likely to eat hundreds of extra junk food snacks, according to a new report.

Improvements in mortality rates are slowed by rise in obesity in the United States ... read more
January 15, 2018
With medical advances and efforts to curb smoking, one might expect that US life expectancy would improve. Yet there's been a reduction in the rate of improvement in American mortality during the last three decades.Researchers say a rise in obesity is to blame, slowing declines in death rates by a half-percentage point per year. The scientists estimate that rising obesity was about twice as important for mortality trends as a decline in smoking.

Flipping the switch: Dietary fat, changes in fat metabolism may promote prostate cancer metastasis ... read more
January 15, 2018
Researchers have shed new light on the genetic mechanisms that promote metastasis in the mouse model and also implicated the typical Western high-fat diet as a key environmental factor driving metastasis.

Scarring molecule in fat tissue links obesity with distressed fat ... read more
January 12, 2018
The fat of obese people becomes distressed, scarred and inflamed, which can make weight loss more difficult.

Mediterranean diet may help protect older adults from becoming frail ... read more
January 11, 2018
An analysis of published studies indicates that following the Mediterranean diet may reduce the risk of frailty in older individuals. The findings suggest that a diet emphasizing primarily plant-based foods -- such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts -- may help keep people healthy and independent as they age.

Benefits of a healthy diet greater in people at high genetic risk for obesity ... read more
January 10, 2018
The benefits of sticking to a healthy diet to prevent long term weight gain are greater in people at high genetic risk for obesity than in those with low genetic risk, finds a new study.

Enzyme shown to regulate inflammation and metabolism in fat tissue ... read more
January 10, 2018
New research in mice and humans suggests that an enzyme called SNRK suppresses inflammation in obesity-related 'white fat' while increasing metabolism in heat-producing 'brown fat,' making SNRK an intriguing target in the battle against obesity.

A more complete Mediterranean diet may protect against aggressive prostate cancer ... read more
January 10, 2018
Researchers determined that men who followed a Mediterranean diet, rich in fish, boiled potatoes, whole fruits, vegetables, legumes, and olive oil, and low consumption of juices had lower risk of aggressive prostate cancer (PC) than those who followed other dietary patterns like Prudent or Western diets.

New discovery may explain winter weight gain ... read more
January 10, 2018
We may have a new reason, in addition to vitamin D generation, to bask in a little sunshine. A breakthrough has shown the fat cells that lie just beneath our skin shrink when exposed to the blue light emitted by the sun.

Large-scale study to pinpoint genes linked to obesity ... read more
January 10, 2018
Findings provide genetic basis underlying body weight and obesity risk.

3-D imaging of fat reveals potential targets for new obesity treatments ... read more
January 9, 2018
With new imaging methods, scientists hope to make significant progress in the fight against obesity. A new report reveals striking images of neural projections within fat tissue, and clues for the development of new drugs.

Moms of obese children use different words to restrict eating ... read more
January 9, 2018
Mothers of children with obesity may be more likely to use direct statements to restrict a child's eating.

Genetic alteration can cause obesity among Greenlanders ... read more
January 9, 2018
Four per cent of the Greenlandic population are, due to a specific genetic alteration, in the risk of developing obesity and diabetes, a new study concludes. The gene represent a possible treatment target, the researchers argue.

Prolonged periods of sedentary time strongly associated with amount of fat around internal organs ... read more
January 9, 2018
Researchers have found new evidence to suggest that longer periods of sedentary time (defined as any sitting/reclining activity with low energy expenditure) are more strongly associated with the amount of fat deposited around internal organs.

Severe obesity linked to newly identified gene mutations ... read more
January 8, 2018
Researchers have discovered mutations in a gene related to obesity, offering new treatment possibilities in the fight against the global epidemic.

Teens show decreased risk for heart disease later in life after bariatric surgery ... read more
January 8, 2018
Adolescents with severe obesity who had bariatric surgery showed significant improvements in cardiovascular disease risk factors, according to this study. Prior to bariatric surgery, 33 percent of the study participants had three or more defined cardiovascular disease risk factors. However, three years post-surgery only 5 percent of study participants had three or more risk factors; representing significant reduction in the overall likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease later in life.

 


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