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Childhood Obesity
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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

Focus on emotions is key to improving heart health in people living with obesity ... read more
June 17, 2021
People living with obesity who attended a non-judgemental and personalized lifestyle modification program improved their cardiovascular and mental health during just 10 weeks, according to a new study. Participants lost weight and achieved benefits in anxiety and depression and physical measurements including blood pressure.

Compounds derived from hops show promise as treatment for common liver disease ... read more
June 16, 2021
Research suggests a pair of compounds originating from hops can help thwart a dangerous buildup of fat in the liver known as hepatic steatosis.

Air pollution exposure during pregnancy may boost babies' obesity risk ... read more
June 15, 2021
New research shows pregnant women exposed to higher levels of air pollution have babies who grow unusually fast in the first months after birth, putting on excess fat that may put them at risk of obesity and related diseases later in life.

Obesity and hypertension: Researchers discover novel mechanisms ... read more
June 15, 2021
Researchers have succeeded for the first time in demonstrating the role of hypothalamic astrocytes in obesity-related hypertension. In addition, they showed that the hormone leptin is involved in the increase of blood vessels in the hypothalamus of obese mice, contributing of hypertension.

Healthy fat impacted by change in diet and circadian clock ... read more
June 15, 2021
Changing your eating habits or altering your circadian clock can impact healthy fat tissue throughout your lifespan, according to a preclinical study.

Men with sensory loss are more likely to be obese ... read more
June 8, 2021
Men who suffer sensory loss, particularly hearing loss, are more likely to be physically inactive and obese than women, according to a new study.

Sugar overload may be a recipe for long-term problems ... read more
June 8, 2021
Children who consume too much sugar could be at greater risk of becoming obese, hyperactive, and cognitively impaired, as adults, according to the results of a new study.

Giving brown fat a boost to fight type 2 diabetes ... read more
June 4, 2021
Increasing a protein concentrated in brown fat appears to lower blood sugar, promote insulin sensitivity, and protect against fatty liver disease by remodeling white fat to a healthier state, a new study suggests. The finding could eventually lead to new solutions for patients with diabetes and related conditions.

Obesity may increase risk of long-term complications of COVID-19, study shows ... read more
June 3, 2021
A new study shows that survivors of COVID-19 who have moderate or severe obesity may have a greater risk of experiencing long-term consequences of the disease, compared with patients who do not have obesity.

Healthy diet before, during pregnancy linked to lower complications ... read more
June 2, 2021
A healthy diet around the time of conception through the second trimester may reduce the risk of several common pregnancy complications, suggests a new study. Expectant women in the study who scored high on any of three measures of healthy eating had lower risks for gestational diabetes, pregnancy-related blood pressure disorders and preterm birth.

People who eat a healthy diet including whole fruits may be less likely to develop diabetes ... read more
June 2, 2021
A new study finds people who consume two servings of fruit per day have 36% lower odds of developing type 2 diabetes than those who consume less than half a serving.

It's never too early to begin healthy eating habits ... read more
June 1, 2021
Researchers found that when health workers were trained to promote infant healthy feeding practices to pregnant women their children consumed less fats and carbohydrates at 3 years of age and had lower measures of body fat at the age of 6. The study is the first to show that the roots for obesity start in the first year of life, after mothers stop breastfeeding.

Overweight or obesity worsens liver-damaging effects of alcohol ... read more
June 1, 2021
The largest study of its kind has found people in the overweight or obese range who drink alcohol are at greater risk of liver disease and mortality.

Diabetes remission diet also lowers blood pressure and reduces need for medication ... read more
May 31, 2021
New research published in Diabetologia has shown that if people achieve and maintain substantial weight loss to manage their type 2 diabetes, many can also effectively control their high blood pressure and stop or cut down on their anti-hypertensive medication.

Tai chi can mirror healthy benefits of conventional exercise ... read more
May 31, 2021
A new study shows that tai chi mirrors the beneficial effects of conventional exercise by reducing waist circumference in middle-aged and older adults with central obesity.

Causal mechanism of link between cancer and obesity ... read more
May 27, 2021
A review study advances knowledge about the connection between obesity-associated inflammation and cancer. The researchers suggest that inflammatory cells with immunosuppressive properties may act as a critical biological link between obesity and cancer risk, progression, and metastasis.

Fat around the heart linked to increased risk of heart failure ... read more
May 24, 2021
Study shows risk doubles in women and goes up by 50 percent in men.

Bile acids trigger satiety in the brain ... read more
May 24, 2021
Scientists have discovered a new role for bile acids: they curb appetite by entering the brain. Their findings provide new insights into the signals and mechanisms by which satiety is controlled and may have implications for treating obesity.

Obesity protects against death in severe bacterial infection ... read more
May 24, 2021
For many diseases, overweight and obesity are risk factors. But now a study shows that a higher BMI may be linked to higher survival rates in patients hospitalized for severe bacterial infections.

Metabolic hormone 'leptin' linked to poor vaccine response ... read more
May 24, 2021
Reduced levels of a metabolic hormone known as leptin is linked to poor vaccine antibody responses in the general population, a study has found.

No link between milk and increased cholesterol according to new study of 2 million people ... read more
May 24, 2021
Regular consumption of milk is not associated with increased levels of cholesterol, according to new research of nearly 2 million people.

A complex link between body mass index and Alzheimer's ... read more
May 19, 2021
Though obesity in midlife is linked to an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease, new research suggests that a high body mass index later in life doesn't necessarily translate to greater chances of developing the brain disease.

Western diet may increase risk of gut inflammation, infection ... read more
May 18, 2021
Eating a Western diet impairs the immune system in the gut in ways that could increase risk of infection and inflammatory bowel disease, according to a new study.

Lipid droplets help protect kidney cells from damage ... read more
May 17, 2021
Researchers have found out how microscopic structures called lipid droplets may help to prevent a high-fat diet causing kidney damage. The work in fruit flies opens up a new research avenue for developing better treatments for chronic kidney disease.

Eating more fruit and vegetables linked to less stress, study finds ... read more
May 13, 2021
Eating a diet rich in fruit and vegetables is associated with less stress, according to new research. The findings revealed people who ate at least 470 grams of fruit and vegetables daily had 10 per cent lower stress levels than those who consumed less than 230 grams.

Obesity slows progress against cancer deaths, study suggests ... read more
May 13, 2021
A new study suggests that heart disease and obesity-associated cancer mortality rates have continued to improve, but at a slowing pace.

Obesity during adolescence linked to increased risk of stroke as an adult, study finds ... read more
May 13, 2021
Higher body mass index (BMI) -- an indicator of obesity -- in late adolescence is associated with a significantly higher risk of first ischemic stroke in men and women under age 50, regardless of whether they had Type 2 diabetes, a new study finds. Even BMIs in the high-normal range are associated with increased stroke risk in both men and women.

Genetic risk of heart disease may be due to low Omega 3-linked biomarker ... read more
May 12, 2021
People who are genetically more likely to suffer from cardiovascular diseases may benefit from boosting a biomarker found in fish oils, a new study suggests.

10 years after obesity surgery: How did life turn out? ... read more
May 12, 2021
In a new study, patients were interviewed about their experiences ten years after undergoing obesity surgery. The results show that the effect on eating and weight regulation persisted, whereas other problems, such as feelings of guilt about still not being healthy enough, remained.

Boosting body heat production: A new approach for treating obesity ... read more
May 11, 2021
Targeting a heat production 'brake' on fat tissues may be a safer way to treat obesity than current medication.

Prenatal exposure to famine heightens risk for later being overweight ... read more
May 10, 2021
An analysis of historical medical records found that men who were prenatally exposed during early gestation to the Dutch famine of 1944-1945 were 30 percent more likely to be overweight with a Body Mass Index of 25 or over at age 19, compared to a similar group not exposed to the famine.

Managing children's weight, blood pressure and cholesterol protects brain function mid-life ... read more
May 10, 2021
Having high blood pressure, high cholesterol and/or obesity from childhood through middle age were linked to poorer brain function by middle age. These cardiovascular risk factors were linked with low memory, learning, visual processing, attention span, and reaction and movement time. Strategies to prevent heart disease and stroke should begin in childhood to promote better brain health by middle age.

Vegetarians have healthier levels of disease markers than meat-eaters ... read more
May 9, 2021
Vegetarians appear to have a healthier biomarker profile than meat-eaters, and this applies to adults of any age and weight, and is also unaffected by smoking and alcohol consumption, according to a new study in over 166,000 UK adults.

How bullying and obesity can affect girls' and boys' mental health ... read more
May 7, 2021
Depressive symptoms are more common in teenage girls than in their male peers. However, boys' mental health appears to be affected more if they suffer from obesity. Irrespective of gender, bullying is a considerably greater risk factor than overweight for developing depressive symptoms.

Secret behind maintaining a healthy weight loss ... read more
May 6, 2021
Almost one in six people worldwide live with obesity, which may have serious health consequences. Researchers now document how to effectively achieve and maintain a healthy weight loss.

Your stomach may be the secret to fighting obesity ... read more
May 4, 2021
Scientists believe a stomach-specific protein plays a major role in the progression of obesity, according to new research. The study could help with development of therapeutics that would help individuals struggling with achieving and maintaining weight loss.

The enzyme that could help curb chronic kidney disease ... read more
May 4, 2021
Researchers have identified an enzyme that may help to curb chronic kidney disease, which affects approximately 700 million people worldwide.

Processed diets might promote chronic infections that can lead to disorders such as diabetes ... read more
April 28, 2021
Processed diets, which are low in fiber, may initially reduce the incidence of foodborne infectious diseases such as E. coli infections, but might also increase the incidence of diseases characterized by low-grade chronic infection and inflammation such as diabetes, according to researchers.

More belly weight increases danger of heart disease even if BMI does not indicate obesity ... read more
April 22, 2021
Research on how obesity impacts the diagnosis, management and outcomes of heart and blood vessel disease, heart failure and arrhythmias is summarized in a new statement. Waist circumference, an indicator of abdominal obesity, should be regularly measured as it is a potential warning sign of increased cardiovascular disease risk. Interventions that lead to weight loss improve risk factors yet may not always lead to improvement in coronary artery disease outcomes.

Designing healthy diets with computer analysis ... read more
April 20, 2021
A new mathematical model for the interaction of bacteria in the gut could help design new probiotics and specially tailored diets to prevent diseases.

Patients who are overweight or obese at risk of more severe COVID-19, study finds ... read more
April 15, 2021
Patients who are overweight or obese have more severe COVID-19 and are highly likely to require invasive respiratory support, according to a new international study.

Long-term weight retention and associated health risks identified in obese adults ... read more
April 14, 2021
UK adults who are overweight or obese retain their weight over time, which is associated with an increased risk of health complications and death, according to a new study.

Dietary cocoa improves health of obese mice; likely has implications for humans ... read more
April 14, 2021
Supplementation of cocoa powder in the diet of high-fat-fed mice with liver disease markedly reduced the severity of their condition, according to a new study. The researchers suggest the results have implications for people.

Mediterranean diet with lean beef may lower risk factors for heart disease ... read more
April 14, 2021
In a randomized controlled study, researchers found that a Mediterranean diet combined with small portions of lean beef helped lower risk factors for developing heart disease, such as LDL cholesterol.

A mother's fat intake can impact infant infectious disease outcomes ... read more
April 14, 2021
A team of researchers has determined that the type of fats a mother consumes while breastfeeding can have long-term implications on her infant's gut health. Their study suggests that the type of fat consumed during breastfeeding could differentially impact an infant's intestinal microbial communities, immune development and disease risk.

Pain receptors linked to the generation of energy-burning brown fat cells ... read more
April 12, 2021
A new source of energy expending brown fat cells has been uncovered by researchers, which they say points towards potential new therapeutic options for obesity.

Why some of us are hungry all the time ... read more
April 12, 2021
New research shows that people who experience big dips in blood sugar levels, several hours after eating, end up feeling hungrier and consuming hundreds more calories during the day than others.

Exercise promotes healthy living and a healthy liver ... read more
April 12, 2021
Researchers have shown that an exercise regimen reduces liver steatosis and stiffness in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. These gains in hepatic health are mediated through modification of inter-organ cross-talk, circulatory organokine alterations and reductions in inflammation and oxidative stress. Because these benefits are unrelated to weight loss, all therapeutic regimens should integrate regular exercise and patients should remain diligent and compliant regardless of bodyweight changes.

Prehistoric Pacific Coast diets had salmon limits ... read more
April 12, 2021
Humans cannot live on protein alone - even for the ancient indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest whose diet was once thought to be almost all salmon. Anthropologists argue such a protein-heavy diet would be unsustainable and document the many dietary solutions ancient Pacific Coast people in North America likely employed to avoid 'salmon starvation,' a toxic and potentially fatal condition brought on by eating too much lean protein.

Metabolic changes in fat tissue in obesity associated with adverse health effects ... read more
April 9, 2021
A twin study indicates that the machinery responsible for energy handling in fat tissue is working poorly in obesity. In the study, a clear reduction was seen in the activity of mitochondrial genes in obesity in fat tissue, while similar genome-level change in muscle mitochondria was minor. A link with adverse health effects was identified in the mitochondria of fat tissue only.

Childhood diet and exercise creates healthier, less anxious adults ... read more
April 9, 2021
Exercise and a healthy diet in childhood leads to adults with bigger brains and lower levels of anxiety, according to new research.

Health benefits of breastfeeding, for mother: Lactation and visceral, pericardial fat ... read more
April 9, 2021
As demonstrated by multiple studies, women who breastfeed have a lower risk for developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes, though the mechanisms by which these risks are reduced for lactating women are still not fully understood. Scientists recently completed a study to see if the presence of excess fat, specifically visceral and pericardial fat, could help explain this finding.

Leptin puts the brakes on eating via novel neurocircuit ... read more
April 6, 2021
A new study in mice describes novel neurocircuitry between midbrain structures that control feeding behaviors that are under modulatory control by leptin, a hormone made by body fat. Since the discovery of leptin in the 1990s, researchers have wondered how leptin can suppress appetite.

Weight loss changes people's responsiveness to food marketing ... read more
April 1, 2021
A new study reveals that people with obesity tend to be more responsive to food marketing -- but when their weight drops significantly, so does their responsiveness to marketing.

Selenium supplementation protects against obesity and may extend lifespan ... read more
March 30, 2021
Adding the nutrient selenium to diets protects against obesity and provides metabolic benefits to mice, according to a new study.

Kids' metabolic health can be improved with exercise during pregnancy: here's why ... read more
March 30, 2021
Many previous studies have linked increased maternal body weight and unhealthy diets to poorer metabolic outcomes in offspring, often many years later. Understanding the mechanisms of how maternal exercise can reverse these effects might lead to interventions that prevent these diseases transmitting across generations.

Fasting can be an effective way to start a diet ... read more
March 30, 2021
Those who need to change their eating habits to normalize their blood pressure should start with a fast. Scientists explain why patients can use it as a tool to improve their health in the long term.

Correcting altered brain circuit could tackle coinciding obesity and depression ... read more
March 26, 2021
Researchers have identified and characterized a novel neural circuit that mediates the reciprocal control of obesity and depression in mouse models, and a potential therapy.

More protein doesn't mean more strength in resistance-trained middle-aged adults ... read more
March 25, 2021
A 10-week muscle-building and dietary program involving 50 middle-aged adults found no evidence that eating a high-protein diet increased strength or muscle mass more than consuming a moderate amount of protein while training. The intervention involved a standard strength-training protocol with sessions three times per week. None of the participants had previous weightlifting experience.

Physical activity helps curb low-grade inflammation in children ... read more
March 23, 2021
According to a recent study, accumulating more brisk and vigorous physical activity can curb adiposity-induced low-grade inflammation. The study also reported that diet quality had no independent association with low-grade inflammation.

 


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